Bowel cancer also known as colorectal cancer, is a chronic and medical condition caused by the abnormal proliferation of cells in the colon, rectum, or vermiform appendix.
Bowel cancer is relatively very common and slowly growing cancer. The progression of cancer and is predictable.
The exact causes of bowel cancer are unknown. researchers as of today do not know why people in the same health condition and age in the same family and similar dietary pattern, some are susceptible to the onset of bowel cancer, while others do not.
However, researchers do know that certain risk factors are associated with the development of the disease, including age, family history
Some researcher suggested that the mutated gene inherited from the parents, certain medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, polyps, obesity are also some of the bowel cancer prevalent risk factors.
A recent study also showed people who smoke and consume high volumes of red meat are also in the elevated risk of the onset of the disease.
Truly, following a healthy diet and active lifestyle can decrease the risk of bowel cancer by 10 folds. Dr. IAIN ROBERTSON, the lead author at the Monash University, in the study "Colorectal cancer, diet and lifestyle factors: opportunities for prevention" wrote " The potential for colorectal cancer risk reduction by decreasing consumption of animal fats, red meat, alcohol, and cigarettes, by increasing physical activity levels, and by increasing intake of fruits, vegetables and dietary fibre".
If you are experiencing symptoms of a change of bowel habits that last longer than one month, persistent rectal bleeding, abdominal pain that does not stop,.and blood in the stool, please check with your doctor to rule out the possibility of bowel cancer.
Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, belonging to family Amaryllidaceae, native to central Asia.
The pungent spice has been used popularly in traditional and Chinese medicine in treating common cold and flu to the Plague, blood pressure cholesterol levels, natural antibiotic, etc.
Allicin (diallyl thiosulfinate), is the best-known biologically active component in freshly crushed garlic, found to reduce the risk of bowel cancer through inhibiting bowel cancer cell lines HCT-116, LS174T, HT-29, and Caco-2, via the activity of Nrf2, according to The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Nrf2 is a protein that regulates the expression of antioxidant proteins to protect the cells against damage and injury caused by oxidative stress triggered by inflammation.
However, in the colon cancer cell lines, overexpression of Nsf2 can initiate cancer cells apoptosis.
The Chungbuk National University study that uses colon cancer cell (SW620 and HCT116) to investigate whether sulfur compounds thiacremonone isolated from garlic could modulate NF-kappaB activity and thereby induce apoptotic cell death of colon cancer cells, suggested, application of different concentrations ranged from 30 - 150 microg/ml of thiacremonone for the periods from 0 to 48 hour inhibited colon cancer cell (SW620 and HCT116) growth followed by induction of apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner.
Further analysis showed that the efficacy of the novel sulfur compound against colon cancer cell growth and induction of apoptotic cell death was attributed to the compound's function in modulating of NF-kappaB, a protein that controls transcription of DNA, cytokine production and cell survival.
In vitro, intake of garlic and its lipid-based extracts, induced cell cycle arrest, through a fourfold increase in caspase activity (apoptosis) in PC-3 cells when treated at a dose of 0.5 or 1 μg/m and may be considered a potential as promising anticancer agents, including colon cancer.
Dr. Baena R and Dr, Salinas P said, " Dietary factors and lifestyle may contribute to the increasing colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence... Fish consumption may decrease CRC risk by 12% whereas garlic intake is not significantly associated with reduced CRC risk".
In fact, diet represents 30-35% of risk factors that contribute to the onset of cancer, adding garlic in your diet together with the reduction of meat intake can reduce the risk of various cancers, including colorectal cancer
However, in the order to confirm garlic isolated compounds anti bowel cancer efficacy, further data collection on large example size and multi-centers studies performed with human consumption of the whole food during the course of the disease will be necessary.
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Kyle J. Norton, Master of Nutrition
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Allicin purified from fresh garlic cloves induces apoptosis in colon cancer cells via Nrf2 by Bat-Chen W1, Golan T, Peri I, Ludmer Z, Schwartz B.(PubMed)
(2) Inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis via inactivation of NF-kappaB by a sulfur compound isolated from garlic in human colon cancer cells by Ban JO1, Yuk DY, Woo KS, Kim TM, Lee US, Jeong HS, Kim DJ, Chung YB, Hwang BY, Oh KW, Hong JT. (PubMed)
(3) Crude Garlic Extract Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis of Cancer Cells In Vitro by Bagul M1, Kakumanu S1, Wilson TA1,2. (PubMed)
(4) Diet and colorectal cancer by Baena R1, Salinas P2(PubMed)
(5) Diet and cancer: risk factors and epidemiological evidence by Baena Ruiz R1, Salinas Hernández P2.(PubMed)
(6) Colorectal cancer, diet and lifestyle factors: opportunities for prevention by IAIN ROBERTSON, RONA BOUND and LEONIE SEGAL, (Monash University)