Get Pregnant Naturally

Get Pregnant Naturally
".....Utilizing Traditional Chinese Medicine in Tonifying Energy flow to the Reproductive System Channels In Men and Women for Natural Conception, including Couple Who were diagnosed with Unexplained causes of Infertility...." Chantel M.

Monday, August 19, 2019

Yoga In Reduced Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Yoga therapy may have a profound effect in reduced risk and treatment of symptoms of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a Japanese study suggested.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a condition characterized by long term inflammation of the gut, including Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

Yoga, the ancient practical technique for harmonized external and internal body well being, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement and gesture..... has been best known for people in Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.

In a study of total of 100 IBD patients [ulcerative colitis (UC) n = 60 and Crohn's disease (CD) n = 40] during the clinical remission phase of disease, allocated randomly to either the yoga group underwent an 8-week yoga intervention (physical postures, pranayama, and meditation) 1- hour/day in addition to standard medical therapy (UC, n = 30; CD, n = 20) or the control group (UC, n = 30; CD n = 20), with standard medical therapy alone in the same period, researchers indicated that after the periods of intervention, yoga group expressed fewer arthralgia in UC patients and intestinal colic pain also reduced substantially in yoga group in compared to control.

In deed, yoga practice with breathing and meditation was found to demonstrate a significant effect in induction of relaxation and calmness of central nervous system, thus reducing acute and chronic psychological stress in induced production of catecholamines, glucagon, growth hormones, causing direct implication of inflammatory process in initiated chronic swelling and pain.

Further analysis also discovered, the yoga group showed a significant improvement of state and trait anxiety levels in patients with UC which can also be attributed to yoga effect in bringing back the presence of self-consciousness by dealing the psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression caused by chronic stress in a positive way or letting them go.

Based on these results, Sharma P, the led author said, "simplified yoga-based regimen is a safe and effective complementary clinical treatment modality for patients with inflammatory bowel disease during the clinical remission phase".

In children study to determine the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in inflammatory bowel disease population at a single pediatric center, through a survey distributed electronically and given out to patients in the clinic, researchers found that 16.3% of parents returned survey indicated that yoga/meditation may be helpful in treating their children inflammatory bowel disease.

After taking in account to other cofounders, Ceballos C, the led author said, "Families are supportive of CAM both at the time of diagnosis and as an ongoing component of their child's treatment".


Interestingly, in the study to evaluated mind-body complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities (e.g., relaxation or meditation) for symptom management in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), researchers illustrated that in 67 adolescents with IBD ages 12-19 selected from a children's hospital completed a questionnaire, scientists indicated that
40% of the returned survey used yoga relaxation from once/day to once/week for symptom management. In multivariate analyses, females were more likely to use relaxation and adolescents with more severe disease were more willing to consider using relaxation in the future.

Some researchers suggested that yoga relaxation-based intervention could improve the quality of life in patients with IBD and reduce expression inflammatory cytokines through protein NF-κB in response to stress in precipitated inflammatory symptoms.

Taking all together, Yoga may be considered as adjunct therapy combined with standard treatment for patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

For More information on yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA BURN


Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How-To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Effect of Yoga-Based Intervention in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease by Sharma P1, Poojary G2, Dwivedi SN3, Deepak KK4.(PubMed)
(2) Complementary and alternative medicine use at a single pediatric inflammatory bowel disease center by Ceballos C1, Bao R, Dunkin D, Song Y, Li XM, Benkov K.(PubMed)
(3) Mind-body complementary alternative medicine use and quality of life in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease by Cotton S1, Humenay Roberts Y, Tsevat J, Britto MT, Succop P, McGrady ME, Yi MS.(PubMed)

Phytochemical Lycopene Exhibits Anti Cancer Angiogenesis

Angiogenesis is a process involved in the migration, growth, and differentiation of endothelial cells, that stimulates the growth of new blood vessel from the existing vessel.

Cancer is a class of diseases associated with abnormal cell growth due to the alternation of DNA.

Most cases of cancer begin in the cells on the surface of the inner lining of tissue. At the early stage, due to the small size of the tumor, most patients are asymptomatic. However, at the advanced stage, the oversize tumor can press on the nearby nerve cells and blood vessel, leading to bleeding and localized pain and symptoms accompanied by the general symptoms shared by other types of cancer, such as unintended weight loss.

Localized symptoms are totally depending on the types of cancer.

At this stage, cancer cells can also travel a distance away from the originated site to infect other healthy cells and tissue, causing a secondary metastasis.


Under normal conditions, angiogenesis is necessary for wound healing, tissues repairment in which the developing or healing tissues receive an adequate supply of nutrients.

In Cancer, angiogenesis induced the formation of new blood supply from the preexisting vasculature by false signaling in ensuring the tumor survive and propagate.


In other words, if we can cut off the energy supply to cancer which totally relyed to the formation of the new blood vessel for proliferation and expansion, we may cure those types of cancer.

Dr. Benouchan M, the lead scientist wrote, " tumor angiogenesis plays an important role in tumor development, vascular invasion, and hematogenous metastasis. Thus, anti-angiogenic therapy directed against tumor ECs should, in principle, improve the efficacy of antitumor therapy by inducing little or no drug resistance".

Lycopene is a phytochemical in the class of carotenoid, a natural pigment with no vitamin A activity found abundantly in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, and papayas,

Tomatoes provide about 80% of the lycopene in the world diet. In plants, lycopene protects the host against excessive photodamage and performs various functions in photosynthesis.

With an aim to find a potent compound which processes anti-angiogenetic activity against cancer proliferation and invasion, researchers examined the apo-10'-lycopenoic acid (ALA), a derivative of lycopene on liver and lung cancer animal models.

In both Transwell and wound-healing models, application ALA in a dose-dependent manner was effective in inhibiting migration and invasion of liver and lung cancer cells.

Furthermore, ALA treatment suppressed the actin remodeling in orchestrating cancer cell motility and cancer cell membrane formation.

Moreover, the ALA also constrain the cancer proliferation, invasion by suppressing angiogenesis.

Based on the findings, researchers wrote, "ALA inhibits cancer cell motility and angiogenesis".

Dr. Zu K, the lead scientist in a joint study examined the effect of lycopene on tissue biomarkers in prostate cancers by analyzing the information obtained through questionnaires and ascertained total and lethal prostate cancer cases from 1986 through January 31, 2010, among 49898 male health professionals found that
* Higher lycopene intake was inversely associated with total prostate cancer and more strongly with lethal prostate cancer.

* Higher lycopene intake was associated with biomarkers in cancer indicative of less angiogenic potential.

In other words, higher lycopene intake reduced cancer proliferation by stimulating the formation of the new blood vessel.

Taken altogether, lycopene may be considered anti-angiogenetic supplements for the prevention and treatment of cancer through its anti-angiogenetic activity, pending on the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of lycopene in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Apo-10'-lycopenoic acid inhibits cancer cell migration and angiogenesis and induces peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ by Cheng J1, Miao B1, Hu KQ1, Fu X1, Wang XD. (PubMed)
(2) Dietary lycopene, angiogenesis, and prostate cancer: a prospective study in the prostate-specific antigen era by Zu K1, Mucci L, Rosner BA, Clinton SK, Loda M, Stampfer MJ, Giovannucci E. (PubMed)
(3) Anti-angiogenic strategies for cancer therapy (Review) by Benouchan M1, Colombo BM. (PubMed)

Sunday, August 18, 2019

Yoga In Reduced Psychological symptoms in HIV-1 Infected Patients

Yoga may be used as an integrated form of exercise in reduced psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression.in patients with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals, randomized controlled pilot studies suggested.

Yoga, the ancient practical technique for harmonized external and internal body well beings, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement, and gesture..... has been best known for people in the Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus with function in induced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if not treated.


According to the Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYASA) University study with an aim to contribute towards the understanding the therapeutic benefits of specific yoga modulation in HIV-1 infected subjects, yoga participated group displayed an indirect effect of HIV-1 induced hematopoietic inhibition of CD34+ progenitor stem cells, a hematopoietic progenitor cells found in bone marrow and cord blood with loss of human hematopoietic precursor cell function, via the CD4+ T lymphocytes in signaling immune response to destroy the infectious particle.

In other words, yoga practice normalized the inhibition of replication and enhancement of levels of hematopoiesis in HIV-1 infected subjects, through infected of CD34+ progenitor stem cells by activated immune action.

The hematopoietic stem cell has long been hypothesized to be a target of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV) infection.

Additionally, Yoga participant also showed to improve the self renewal capacity of numbers of cycles of cell division while maintaining the undifferentiated state to differentiate into CD34+ progenitor cells, through STAT5 gene in activated hematopoietic cytokines in modulates cytokine responses, including interleukin-2 and 15, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in development of Tregs in immune regulation.


CD34+, undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide (through mitosis) to produce more stem cells.

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a secreted protein in the regulated cellular process including the control of cell growth, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and apoptosis.


Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, TNFα, cachexin, or cachectin) is a cell-signaling cytokine involved in systemic inflammation in the acute phase infection.


Interleukin-2 and 15 are cell-signaling proteins in the immune system in regulated the activities of white blood cells of the immunity.


More interesting, in psychological aspects, yoga induced hematopoietic inhibition in HIV-1 infection was contributed by the role of reduced stress involved sycho-neuroimmunological axis (PNI), the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body in the induction of psychological symptoms, such as anxiety and depression and quality of life

In deed, physical postures (asanas), breathing practices (pranayama), relaxation techniques, and meditation have shown to bring back consciousness in the present moment and increased the ability to maintain or positive feelings to minimize or regulate stress feelings or letting them go, thus decreasing stress effect in suppressed body's immune system and neuro-humoral actions in transmitting information from cells to cells, thereby affecting normal psychological state.


Additionally, researchers at the study also said, "Yoga therapy is introduced and its effectiveness in terms of evidence in the relevant area is reviewed. Further, the basic principles of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy [IAYT] are described and depending on the potential mechanisms through which yoga therapy may act, both modern scientific research and ancient "scriptural" evidence are provided at all the five levels of existence (body, life force, emotional, intellectual and bliss)" and "This will enable to design comprehensive yoga modules that may intervene in this indirect inhibition of hematopoiesis in HIV-1 infected individuals and potentially restore normal levels of hematopoiesis".

Furthermore, in a study of 44 HIV-1 infected individuals from two HIV rehabilitation centers of Manipur State of India randomized into two groups: Yoga (n = 22; 12 males) group received IY intervention, which included physical postures (asanas), breathing practices (pranayama), relaxation techniques, and meditation, given 60 min/day, 6 days a week for 1 month and Control group (n = 22; 14 males), followed daily routine during this period, researchers found that yoga group showed a significant reduction in depression scores along with non significant increment in CD4 counts in surface of the immune cells but non-significant reduction in anxiety scores in compared to the control group.



An at the end of the experiment, researchers concluded that short term yoga participated may have a positive effect in reduced depression and improved immunity in HIV-1 infected adults.


Taking all together, Yoga intervention as an adjunct therapy may have a profound effect in reduced psychological symptoms and treatment of inhibited hematopoiesis in HIV-1 infected individuals by regulating the immune function in restore normal function of hematologists in production of blood cells and platelets.


For More information on yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA BURN


Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How-To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
Sources
(1) Effect of Integrated Yoga (IY) on psychological states and CD4 counts of HIV-1infected patients: A randomized controlled pilot study by Naoroibam R1, Metri KG1, Bhargav H1, Nagaratna R2, Nagendra HR1(PubMed)
(2) Potential yoga modules for treatment of hematopoietic inhibition in HIV-1 infection by Bhargav H1, Raghuram N, Rao NH, Tekur P, Koka PS.(PubMed)

Phytochemical Alliin Inhibits the Onset of High Blood Pressure


High blood pressure, a condition characterized by elevated blood pressure in the arteries. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps out blood.

In other words, the heart has to work harder to circulate blood to the body needs in high blood pressure patients. Long-term d elevate blood pressure raises the pressure of the heart, leading to damage to the heart tissue in facilitating the risk of cardiovascular disease.

According to the statistics provided by the CDC, approximately 54% of adults in the US are living with high blood pressure and half of that have an uncontrol condition.

Believe it or not, in the US, high blood pressure is a major cause of heart disease and stroke and a leading cause of death.

Many factors have been found to increase the risk of high blood pressure, including, tobacco or excessive alcohol drinking, chronic medical conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes and sleep apnea.

Some researchers suggested that the promotion of the Western diet with high consumption of salt may have a strong effect in increasing the prevalence of high blood pressure over the past few decades.

Dr. the lead scientist wrote, "Over the past century, salt has been the subject of intense scientific research related to blood pressure elevation and cardiovascular mortalities".

And, "The World Health Organization (WHO) strongly recommended reducing dietary salt intake as one of the top priority actions to tackle the global non-communicable disease crisis and has urged member nations to take action to reduce population-wide dietary salt intake to decrease the number of deaths from hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and stroke".

In other words, by following a healthy diet and moderate exercise, high blood pressure is preventable.

Alliin (S-allyl-L-cysteine-S-oxide) is a phytochemical compound sulfoxide,. a derivative of the amino acid cysteine, belonging to the class of sulfur compounds, found abundantly in fresh garlic and onion.

On finding a natural compound for the treatment of hypertension, researchers examined the effect of Lichtwer garlic powder (containing 1.3% alliin equivalent to 0.6% allicin)on blood pressure.

The study included rats fed either by a 2% high cholesterol diet with and without aqueous garlic powder extract given orally to rats on a daily basis for 6 weeks or control rats fed a normal diet.

Compared to elevated levels of cholesterol in the rat fed with cholesterol diet without garlic extract, rats fed with a high cholesterol diet mixed with garlic powder showed a significant reduction in their serum cholesterol levels.

The high blood pressure of rats induced by cholesterol diet was also inhibited by garlic powder.

In other words, the blood pressure of the animals receiving garlic powder and high cholesterol diet was significantly lower as compared to other groups without affecting levels of glucose and protein.

Based on the results, researchers after taking other factors into account wrote, " garlic is beneficial in reducing...systolic blood pressure in hypercholesterolemic rats".

And, "Our experimental results show that garlic may beneficially affect two risk factors for... and hypertension".

Moreover, the Tel Aviv University study in the comparison of the effects of a new stable synthetic compound produced by a chemical reaction between allicin and the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril and alliin and captopril suggested CPSSA in high dose significantly decreased blood pressure, triglycerides, and homocysteine concentrations compared to alliin with a slight effect on SBP and Captopril (50mg/(kg day)) only improved blood pressure and homocysteine.

More precisely, Dr. Oron-Herman M, the lead scientist wrote, " the combined molecule CPSSA integrates the anti-hypertensive, lipid-lowering, and homocysteine-reducing effects of both allicin and captopril, making it a potential cardiovascular protective agent".

Taken altogether, alliin may be considered supplements for the prevention and treatment of hypertension, pending on the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of alliin in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Effect of allicin from garlic powder on serum lipids and blood pressure in rats fed with a high cholesterol diet by Ali M1, Al-Qattan KK, Al-Enezi F, Khanafer RM, Mustafa T. (PubMed)
(2) The effects of S-allylmercaptocaptopril, the synthetic product of allicin and captopril, on cardiovascular risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome by Oron-Herman M1, Rosenthal T, Mirelman D, Miron T, Rabinkov A, Wilchek M, Sela BA. (PubMed)
(3) Dietary Salt Intake and Hypertension by Sung Kyu Ha, M.D. (PMC)

Saturday, August 17, 2019

Betacyanins, the Anti Liver Steatosis Phytochemical

The liver is the largest internal organ that not only filters the blood coming from the intestinal system but also protects our body against chemical and drug toxicity.

Additionally, the liver also produces cholesterol that plays an essential role to aid digestion, produce vitamin D and steroid hormone and build strong cell membranes.

Believe it or not, the liver also produces antioxidant enzymes which inhibit free radical oxidation and interact with the hormone insulin to store glucose in the form of glycogen.

Hepatic steatosis is a condition caused by the accumulation of fat in the liver. Liver steatosis can be classified into 2 types

* Alcoholic liver steatosis is caused by over-consumption of alcohol over time.

* Non-Alcohol Steatosis (NASH) is a condition of accumulation of excess fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol. ... Non-Alcohol Steatosis is considered a major cause of liver scarring and cirrhosis.

Most common symptoms of liver steatosis are jaundice, abdominal swelling (ascites), enlarged blood vessels just beneath the skin's surface, enlarged breasts in men, enlarged spleen and red palms.

If you have some of the aforementioned symptoms, please check with your doctor to rule out the possibility.

Conventionally, there is no effective treatment for liver steatosis. Weight loss and weight management through a combination of a healthy diet and exercise are the most recommendations.

Some researchers suggested that the rise of liver steatosis in the US may be correlated to the promotion of a high-fat diet over the past few decades.

Dr. Arisqueta L, the lead scientist wrote, "High-fat diet (HFD) feeding or leptin-deficient mice are extensively used as models resembling features of human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)".

And, "The concurrence of experimental factors as fat content and source or total caloric intake leads to prominent differences in the development of the hepatic steatosis and related disturbances".

Betacyanins are phytochemicals in the class of red and yellow indole-derived pigments, belonging to the group of Betalains, found abundantly in beets, chard, etc.

On finding a natural pigment for the prevention and treatment of liver steatosis, researchers examined whether betanin (from natural pigments, a member of betacyanins) anti-oxidant properties against paraquat-induced liver injury in Sprague-Dawley rats.

Paraquat injected intraperitoneally into rats to induce liver toxicity randomly assigned to 4 groups: a control group, a paraquat group, and two groups received betanin at doses of 25 and 100mg/kg/day three days before and two days after administered paraquat.

Administration of betanin inhibited the elevated serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels of the paraquat rats.

Betanin treated group also enhanced the production of antioxidant enzymes that counter the overexpression of free radicals induced oxidative stress.

Furthermore, betanin treated group also increased the expression of an enzyme associated with detoxification.

Moreover, liver mitochondrial damage caused by paraquat injection also was reduced by the administration of betanin.

In other words, all parameters associated with the onset of liver damage that causes steatosis developing were decreased substantially in the animals treated with betanin than in those who received paraquat alone.

Based on the results, researchers after taking other factors into account wrote, "Betanin had a protective effect against paraquat-induced liver damage in rats. The mechanism of the protection appears to be the inhibition of CYP 3A2 expression and protection of mitochondria".

Taken altogether, betacyanins processed abundantly bioactive ingredient betanin may be considered a remedy for the prevention and treatment of liver steatosis, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of betacyanins in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Red pitaya betacyanins protect from diet-induced obesity, liver steatosis and insulin resistance in association with modulation of gut microbiota in mice by Song H1,2, Chu Q1, Yan F1, Yang Y1, Han W1, Zheng X. (PubMed)
(2) White Pitaya (Hylocereus undatus) Juice Attenuates Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Steatosis in Diet-Induced Obese Mice by Song H1,2, Zheng Z1, Wu J1, Lai J1, Chu Q1, Zheng X. (PubMed)
(3) High-fat diet overfeeding promotes nondetrimental liver steatosis in female mice by Arisqueta L1, Navarro-Imaz H2, Labiano I3, Rueda Y2, Fresnedo O. (PubMed)

Maternal Yoga in Reduced Risk of Preeclampsia

Epidemiological studies suggested that yoga intervention may be used to assist standard care treatment in reduced risk of pre-eclampsia onset during pregnancy.

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by abnormally high blood pressure and often a significant amount of protein in the urine.


Yoga, the ancient practical technique for harmonized external and internal body well beings, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement, and gesture..... has been best known for people in the Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.

In the review literature published electronic database, PubMed, studies met the criteria and guideline selected included 54 citations in eight studies (10 reports) in the final analysis, after taking into account of other risk factors, researchers found that prenatal yoga displayed a significant effect in the improvement of many aspects including pre-eclampsia in healthy women in 4 studies in compared to control.

Further differentiation also suggested that high-risk pregnant women with morbidity factors such as obesity or advanced age, participated in yoga lesson were found to induce significantly fewer cases of pregnancy-induced hypertension, gestational diabetes, and intrauterine growth restriction, as well as a decrease in perceived stress levels in compared to control

Indeed, yoga class focused on poses, breathing exercises, meditation, visualization, guided imagery, and deep relaxation not only reduced psychological stress caused by previous pregnancy and various reasons in induction of nervous tension to precipitate hormone imbalance, particularly in keeping in check of Ang-(1-7), angiotensin I, angiotensin II and renin hormone which played a critical role in expression of high blood pressure in pregnancy but also improved blood circulation into the cervical region to provide necessary nutrients and oxygen for the fetus to growth normally.

Additionally, yoga lessons also brought back the rest with an awareness of presence, while letting them go or solved them in a positive way.

Moreover, yoga breathing, meditation in reduced stress also normalized the heart rate which has a strong implication in improved blood pressure and enhanced daily energy for a happy pregnancy outcome.

Interestingly, the study to examine the effect of stretching exercise in autonomic cardiac response, and the development of preeclampsia, conducted by the school of nursing at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill of total of 124 women randomized to either stretching (n=60) or walking (n=64), after taking into other co-founders, found that yoga stretching may be used as a physiologic framework for possible beneficial effects in enhancing autonomic responses on reducing risks for preeclampsia as fewer cases of high blood pressure were observed in women participated in the yoga class in compared to control.

Promisingly, in a randomized clinical trial of the effects of the two types of physical exercises was conducted between November 2001 and July 2006 in Washtenaw County, Michigan with participants assigned to either the walking group (n = 41) or the stretching group (n = 38). walkers exercised an average of 36 (SD, 6) minutes at 18 weeks gestation, 34 (SD, 7) minutes at 28 weeks gestation, and 31 (SD, 12) minutes at the last week of the intervention, within target heart rate ranges 35% (SD, 32%) at 18 weeks gestation, 22% (SD, 25%) at 28 weeks gestation, and 17% (SD, 25%) at the last week of the intervention, researchers showed that at 20 weeks gestation and 4,848 (SE, 452) steps at 34 weeks gestation (p 0.05), the prevalence of preeclampsia risk of yoga group with stretched exercise was 2.6% in compared to 14.6% among the walkers.


However, observation, after taking into account of other confounders and including means of all gestation periods, the incidence of gestational hypertension, was 22 % for the walkers and 40% for the stretchers with no significant differences in birth outcomes of both groups.

The decreased incidence of preeclampsia in the yoga group was found to associate with increased antioxidant activity in reduced risk inflammatory expression in elevated risk high blood pressure caused by oxidative stress induced by lipid hydroperoxide production.
With all the information collected, Dr. Yeo S, the led researchers said: " Regular stretching exercises may promote endogenous antioxidants among women at risk for preeclampsia."


The findings suggested that yoga intervention as an integrated form of stretched exercise may have a positive and profound effect on the reduced onset of preeclampsia, particularly in women in a group of a high risk pregnancy.

For More information on yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA: WOMEN HEALTH and WEIGHT LOSS

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You. How-To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
Sources
(1) [Effects of prenatal yoga: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials].[Article in Japanese] by Kawanishi Y1, Hanley SJ, Tabata K, Nakagi Y, Ito T, Yoshioka E, Yoshida T, Saijo Y.(PubMed)
(2) Prenatal Stretching Exercise and Autonomic Responses: Preliminary Data and a Model for Reducing Preeclampsia by SeonAe Yeo, RNC, PhD, FAAN1(PubMed)
(3) A comparison of walking versus stretching exercises to reduce the incidence of preeclampsia: a randomized clinical trial by Yeo S1, Davidge S, Ronis DL, Antonakos CL, Hayashi R, O'Leary S.(PubMed)

Friday, August 16, 2019

Yoga In Improved Psychological and Physical Aspects in Cancer Patients and Survivors

Yoga therapy may be used as secondary therapy and integrated form of exercise to improve the physical and emotional well-being of cancer patients and survivors, a US university study suggested.

Cancers are the class of disease characterized by cell growth disorderly and uncontrollably in the body.

Yoga, the ancient practical technique for harmonized external and internal body well-being, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement, and gesture..... has been best known for people in the Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.

In the review literature of general introduction to yoga and detailed of yoga research in cancer, 9 selected studies satisfied the criteria indicated that yoga therapy yielded modest improvements in sleep quality, mood, stress, cancer-related distress, cancer-related symptoms, and overall quality of life in cancer patients and survivors.

Furthermore, the study also addressed that the analysis of the selected studies also expressed the efficacy of yoga in support for the feasibility of cancer patients.

Indeed, yoga practice with breathing and meditation was found to express a significant effect in the induction of relaxation and calmness of central nervous system, thus reducing psychological symptoms caused by chronic stress by bringing back the presence while dealing them in a positive way.

Additionally, long term yoga participated also found to restore the hormone imbalance caused by the central nervous system in stimulated overproduction of certain hormones involved stress expression.

More interestingly, the study of 8 pediatric cancer out-patients (4 male; 4 female; Mage  = 11.88, SD = 4.26) participated in the 12-week intervention consisting of supervised yoga sessions 2 times/week to determine the feasibility and benefits of a 12-week community-based yoga intervention on health-related quality of life (HRQL), select physical fitness outcomes and PA levels (PAL) with participants (patients and parent proxies) completed measures assessing HRQL, physical fitness and PAL at baseline and post-intervention, suggested that 12 weeks of yoga program displayed significant improvements in patients' parent-reported HRQL, including, functional mobility, hamstring flexibility and total PA level (P = 0.02) in compared to pre-intervention.

The improvements of physical fitness were attributed to yoga postures in enhanced stretching of muscle strength as well as promoted blood circulation.

Interestingly, the 12 weeks lesson also enhanced physical fitness in pediatric cancer out-patients as well as improving sedentary behavior as yoga program was found to utilize as a ‘stepping-stone’ toward regularly physical activity and the associated co-morbidities through balancing the expression of hyper-arousal or hypo-arousal of the nervous system in reaction to stress.

Dr. Wurz A, the led authors said, "Increasing rates of survival present a new set of psychosocial and physical challenges for children undergoing treatment for cancer. Physical activity (PA) has been shown to be a safe and effective strategy to mitigate the significant burden of cancer and its treatments, with yoga increasingly gaining recognition as a gentle alternative".

Amazingly, according to the study of the effect of therapeutic yoga on child and parental reports of quality of life in children hospitalized with oncological diagnoses conducted a study of Six children participated in 5 yoga sessions over 2 months with The PedsQL 4.0 administered to each child and participating parent/caregivers at baseline, showed that physically, yoga therapy displayed a statistically significant differences in child perception of gross motor function through developing balance and flexibility in controlled body's movements.


Taking all together, yoga may be used as secondarily therapeutic practicing in combined with standard treatment for improvement of psychological and physical aspects in cancer patients and survivors.


For More information on yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA BURN


Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How-To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
Sources
(1) Yoga for cancer patients and survivors by Bower JE1, Woolery A, Sternlieb B, Garet D.(PubMed)
(1) The feasibility and benefits of a 12-week yoga intervention for pediatric cancerout-patients by Wurz A1, Chamorro-Vina C, Guilcher GM, Schulte F, Culos-Reed SN.(PubMed)
(2) Feasibility study: the effect of therapeutic yoga on quality of life in children hospitalized with cancer by Geyer R1, Lyons A, Amazeen L, Alishio L, Cooks L.(PubMed)

Bilberry Protects the Arteries Against the Risk of Atherosclerosis in Vivo

Atherosclerosis, one of the major cause of the cardiovascular disease is a medical condition caused by the accumulation of plaque on the arterial wall. Over time, the condition can lead to narrowing the arteries or blocked arteries, leading to reduce oxygenated blood flow to the heart and other parts of the body.

Arteries are blood vessels carried the oxygen-rich blood to the heart before passing them to the tissues and organs.

Plague is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. In other words, cholesterol that cannot be returned to the liver for reuse may have a strong impact to induce plaque accumulation.

People at the early stage of atherosclerosis are asymptomatic. However, over time, the continued buildup of plaque on the arterial wall can cause symptoms of chest pain or angina shortness of breath. fatigue. confusion, due to a blockage or reduce blood flow.


Although there are many risk factors associated with the onset of atherosclerosis, an unhealthy lifestyle, particularly in people who follow the pattern of the Western diet has been found in many patients with the disease.


Dr. Matthias Nahrendorf, the lead scientist wrote, "Diet, exercise, stress, and sleep are receiving attention as environmental modifiers of chronic inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis, the culprit condition of myocardial infarction and stroke".

And, "Accumulating data indicate that psychosocial stress and a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet aggravate the cardiovascular disease, whereas regular physical activity and healthy sleeping habits help prevent it".

Bilberry is a species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium, belonging to the family Ericaceae, native to Northern Europe.

The plant berry has been used as herbs in traditional medicine for the treatment of acute and chronic diarrhea, gastritis, gastric ulcer, and duodenal ulcer, enterocolitis, ulcerative colitis, anemia, cystitis, kidney disease, and psoriasis, diabetes, etc.

On finding a potential compound for the treatment of atherosclerosis researchers evaluated a nutritional supplementation with a bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract (BE) in the atherosclerotic lesion development in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE⁻/⁻) mice.

On the early stage of atherosclerosis development in tested mice, BE significantly improved hypercholesterolemia associated with plaques built-up without affecting the plasmatic antioxidant status.

According to the nutrigenomic analysis, BE modulated the expression of the gene involved in different cellular processes such as oxidative stress, inflammation, transendothelial migration, and angiogenesis, that lead to atherosclerosis development/protection.


In other words, BE enhanced the mechanisms involved in the preventive action of bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract against atherosclerosis.


On the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice (apo E(-/-)). Apo E(-/-) mice, researchers compared the efficacy of two bilberry extracts, one rich in anthocyanins extracted from untreated bilberries (BE) and a second one extracted from yeast-fermented bilberries (FBE).


According to the 16 weeks a diet supplemented with 0.02% of either BE or FBE, both bilberry extracts led to significant inhibition of plaque development, without affecting the levels of oxidative stress parameters or lipid profiles.

These results strongly suggested that bilberry extract inhibited plaque development through other unknown mechanisms.

By comparative tests, fermentation generates new bioactive compounds FBE are more effective in attenuating progression of the atherosclerotic lesions compared to those of BE.

Taken altogether, bilberry may be considered a functional remedy for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, pending to the validation of larger sample size and multicenter human study.


Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

References
(1) Bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract alters expression of genes related to atherosclerosis development in aorta of apo E-deficient mice by Mauray A1, Felgines C, Morand C, Mazur A, Scalbert A, Milenkovic D. (PubMed)
(2) Atheroprotective effects of bilberry extracts in apo E-deficient mice by Mauray A1, Milenkovic D, Besson C, Caccia N, Morand C, Michel F, Mazur A, Scalbert A, Felgines C. (PubMed)
(3) Lifestyle effects on hematopoiesis and atherosclerosis by Matthias Nahrendorf and Filip K. Swirski. (PMC)

Thursday, August 15, 2019

Yoga as an Integrated Form of Exercise in Reduced Risk and Treatment of Postpartum Depression

Postpartum yoga practice may have a profound and positive effect in reduced risk and treatment of
postpartum depression, epidemiological studies suggested.
Postpartum depression is a medical condition suffered by a mother following childbirth, as a result of hormonal changes and psychological adjustment to motherhood,......affecting Up to 20% of women.


In a study of 57 postpartum women with scores ≥12 on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale randomly assigned to a yoga class consisted of 16 classes over 8 weeks.(N = 28) or wait-list control (N = 29) group, researchers found that yoga group demonstrated a significantly greater rate of improvement in depression, anxiety, and HRQOL, in compared to the control and 78% of women in the yoga group experienced clinically significant change, according to the Reliable Change Index analyses.

Indeed, yoga participation in deep relaxation and meditation creates a state of self-consciousness
to cope with psychological stress caused by postpartum depression by accepting the presence with the positive feelings and dealing with the situation with love and care.



Physically, by driving the mental expression in the right direction to deal with stress in the right way, yoga intervention eventually induced the returning of proper hormone secretion.

Psychologically, yoga breathing and meditation promoted central nervous system calmness and relaxation may have strong implications in reduced psychic symptoms such as anxiety, depression, stress...improving sleep pattern, particularly in relieving sleep deprivation, one of the major risk factor of postpartum depression.

More importantly, Dr. MacDonald C, in the study of "mother and baby yoga is good for you" suggested that postpartum yoga class can also benefit both mother and baby.

Truly, with the mother and baby attended the class together, yoga exercise not only induced a strong bond and improved relationship between mother and baby but also brought the mother back to the presence in loving and caring of the baby in the natural motherhood consciousness, through deep breathing and meditation.

There is no doubt that yoga stretching and posturing also had a profound and therapeutic effect in restoring the pelvic floor and strengthened the abdomen and reduced physical pain in the mother as a result of muscles overstretch in months of pregnancy and improved the baby digestive system and physical health, acceptance of new environment and interaction with mother and "classmate".


Interestingly the study to evaluate the effect of yoga and Pilate exercises in treating postpartum depression, 28 women at 2-6 months postpartum assigned to 'Yoga and Pilates Exercise Programme for Postpartum Woman' in group sessions once a week for three months (12 times total) for 60 minutes each time by a professional coach, after taking into account of other confounders indicated that both Yoga and Pilate interventions showed a significant decrease of postpartum depression, after completing the program and displayed significant reductions of body weight, body fat percentage, fat mass, and basic metabolic rate.
Dr. Ko YL the led authors said, "physical activities benefited the physical and mental health of postpartum women and enhanced their quality of life".

Taking all together, Yoga as an integrated form of study may be used as an adjunct exercise in reduced risk and treatment of Postpartum depression.

For More information about yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA BURN


Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
Sources
(1) Mother and baby yoga is good for you by MacDonald C.(PubMed)
(2) Community-based postpartum exercise program by Ko YL1, Yang CL, Fang CL, Lee MY, Lin PC.(PubMed)
(3) Efficacy of yoga for depressed postpartum women: A randomized controlled trial by Buttner, M1, Brock RL2, O'Hara MW2, Stuart S3(PubMed)

Cucumber Extract, A Natural Prevention and Treatment of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an inflammatory disease mostly caused by work-related occupations and working environment, affecting the muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, and nerves, over time.

The disease is most prevalent in the US. Approximately 10% in men and 13% in women over the age of 60 years suffer from the condition.

In general population, OA affecting over 25 million people in the United States alone.

And, the numbers are increasing at an alarming rate due to the aging of the population and the obesity epidemic.

Most common symptoms of OA include pain in the joint(s), reduced movement of the joint(s), joint(s) tenderness and stiffness, particularly, the loss of flexibility and bone spurs.


If you have experienced some of the symptoms that do not get better in a short period of time, you may have OA.

Believe it or not, patients with OA are associated with the complications of a rapid, complete breakdown of cartilage, bone death (osteonecrosis) and stress fractures.

As of today, there is no cure for the condition, Treatment of OA conventionally are focusing on reducing the pain and progression of the disease and improving quality of life.

If you are taking medication for the treatment of OA, please make sure that you know all the side effects
Prolonged use of Acetaminophen has been found to cause liver damage.

In the prevention and management of OA, some researchers suggested
* Prevented recurrent injury to damage menisci
The meniscus is an important issue because if its function in shock absorption and load distribution in the healthy knee joint(111). A meniscal tear can lead to knee osteoarthritis (OA), but knee OA can also lead to a spontaneous breakdown of meniscal tear and damage to meniscal structure(112). Meniscus damage or recurrent injury might be considered as a signifying feature of incipient OA in middle-aged and elderly people(113).

*. Take precaution if your occupation is at increased risk of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most important diseases as it frequently affects the active age group of the population contributed to the loss of working hours and of disability(114)(115)(117). Compressive, torsional, pulling and angular movements common in certain occupations or sports may result in injuries of soft tissue, thus increasing the development of OA(116).

* Muscle strengthening and aerobic exercises
Enhanced muscle strengthening with neuromuscular electrical stimulation(118), aerobic exercises(119) and exercise(220) are effective in reducing pain and improving physical function in patients with mild to moderate OA of the knee(220).

* Maintain a healthy weight(117)
Increased BMI and obesity are associated with more severe cartilage degeneration(121)(123) as assessed by both morphological and quantitative MRI measurements(122).

*Avoid dehydration
Dehydration has shown to reduce the mobility of collagen amino acid residues and carbon sugar ring structures in glycosaminoglycans, according to University of Michigan(124) of that may affect the functions of cartilage and induce the risk of OA(125), but dehydration effects are reversible, through the restoration of molecular structure and mobility(124).

* Avoid intake of inflammatory foods
Loading up on junk foods and fast foods contains a high amount of trans fat of that increases the risk of inflammation(126) exhibit pro-inflammatory effects(127) causes of osteoarthritis (OA)(128). Red meat, eggs, and wheat products all contain a high amount of arachidonic acid, too much arachidonic acid may be worsen the inflammation process(129), etc.

* Eat your fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables containing high amount of nutrients and antioxidant(130), can enhance immune defense system(131)within the joint through direct influences of transferrin performance for reduction of inflammation(131)(132) as well as suppressing free radicals and the chain of free radicals reaction cause of elevating the swelling and promoting degeneration(133)(134).

* Replace regular beverage with green tea
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate, a green tea polyphenol(135)(136), was found to be effective in reducing inflammatory cytokines induced inflammatory diseases(137)(138).

The cucumber plant is a species of Cucumis Sativus, belongings to the family Cucurbitaceae and native to Western Asia. It is a creeping vine with roots in the ground and grows up with the support of frames.

On finding a natural compound for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA), age-related disease researchers compared the efficacy of Q-Actin™, an aqueous extract of Cucumis sativus (cucumber; CSE) against GC in the management of moderate knee OA.

The randomized double-blind, parallel-group clinical trial included 122 patients (56 males and 66 females) aged between 40 and 75 years with moderate knee OA took place in three different centers

Participants were divided evenly into 2 groups (n= 61) the GC group received orally the generally prescribed dose of 1,350 mg of GC twice daily and the CSE group received orally10 mg twice daily of CSE in a 180-day intervention.

According to the results from the Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the WOMAC score of CSE group was decreased by 22.44% and 70.29% on Days 30 and 180, respectively, compared to a 14.80% and 32.81% to the decrease in the GC group.


Similarly, the GC also showed a decrease of pain score compared to the CSE group without inducing any adverse effect.

Based on the finding, researchers said, "The use of 10 mg CSE, twice daily, was effective in reducing pain related to moderate knee OA and can be potentially used in the management of knee pain, stiffness, and physical functions related to OA".


In order to reveal additional information about the anti-inflammatory properties of cucumber, researchers examined the antioxidant effect on cucurbitacins (Cub), a major compound found in the fruit.

Compared to grape-seed extract, wheat, alfalfa, and ginkgo biloba extracts, CuB showed a broad spectrum radical-scavenging capacity.


CuB exerted a similar activity to that of the aforementioned study by inhibiting the expression of TNF in macrophages and lymphocytes and the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators such as nitric-oxide synthase-2 and cyclooxygenase-2.

Collectively, Dr. Adebowale Bernard Saba, the lead scientist wrote," It is general knowledge among researchers working with natural medicinal products that any of the cucurbitacins have the attributes or the potential to become fully patented as anti-inflammatory...drug".

Taken altogether, cucumber processed abundantly amount of CuB may be used for the treatment of osteoarthritis, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of CuB in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Effectiveness of Cucumis sativus extract versus glucosamine-chondroitin in the management of moderate osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial by Nash RJ1, Azantsa BK2, Sharp H1, Shanmugham V. (PubMed)
(2) Search for a novel antioxidant, anti-inflammatory/analgesic or anti-proliferative drug: Cucurbitacins hold the ace by Adebowale Bernard Saba and Olayinka Oridupa. (Research Gate)
(3) Most Common Disease of Elder: The Clinical Trials and Studies of musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) - Osteoarthritis: The Do and do not’s list by Kyle J. Norton.

Wednesday, August 14, 2019

Yoga Practice in treatment of Illicit Substance Abuse

Epidemiological studies strongly suggested that yoga intervention may have positive and therapeutic effects for the treatment of illicit substance abuse.

The review of literature published online of database from January 1980 to January 2009 to evaluate the effects of yoga in patients with addictive disorders, based on the standard criteria and guidelines, suggested that yoga intervention exhibited some differential improvement across conditions which were maintained during follow-up, including psychiatric symptoms, particularly in the level of perceived stress, as well as improved mental state of substance abusers to accept unusual physical sensations, thus reducing from a strong urge and act impulsively.

Indeed, the reduced temptation and impulsive act of substance abusers to reach for illicit substance can be attributed to yoga relaxation and meditation intervention in induced harmonization of the body and mind in feelings of peace and comfort to deal with increased addictive temptation and to cop and tolerate the uncomfortable feelings and physical sensations that can lead to relapse.

Some researchers suggested that the developing positive relationship with physical sensation is one of the reasons to facilitate the calmness and relaxation in bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment, while letting go of them or deal them in a positive way, thus reducing the urge for sedatives, pain relievers, amphetamines, and alcohol.

In the aspect of hormonal imbalance caused by stress-induced anxiety disorders, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder and substance abuse, yoga intervention expressed a significant effect in reduced stress through meditation and relaxation by calming the mind and body through reduced tension of CNS. Without the influence of stress, hormone balancing was automatically restored, particularly in the secretion of stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline.

More importantly, by bringing the yoga participants into a relaxed state, yoga intervention improved the mind to a reaction to the presence and focus on the deal the compulsion in the right way to prevent relapsing.

Dr. Skanavi S, the led author said, " Practice of mindfulness may develop the ability to maintain perspective in response to strong emotional states and mood fluctuations and increase the saliency of natural reinforcers. Mindfulness-based programs require intensive participation, and should therefore be proposed to highly motivated patients".


Not surprisingly, in the testing of the general belief that the efficacy of incorporating mindfulness practices into the treatment of addiction, Dr, Witkiewitz K, the led authors conducted a review of theoretical models of mindfulness in the treatment of addiction and several hypothesized mechanisms of change and found that yoga mindfulness addresses a relapse prevention (MBRP), including session content, treatment targets, and client feedback may be considered as a secondary therapeutic exercise in combined with standard treatment in treating illicit substance abuse patients.


According to the Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University in reviews the philosophical origins, current scientific evidence, and clinical promise of yoga and mindfulness as complementary therapies for addiction, yoga mindfulness improved the well being of the skills, insights, and self-awareness may be used in target multiple psychological, neural, physiological, and behavioral processes implicated in addiction and relapse.

Truly, yoga mindfulness enhanced the relaxation of calmness state to improve participant desire to control the circumstances while building physical strength, endurance, and psychological awareness in a time of stress and sadness...... to face the presence directly in a new way.
Furthermore, the study also indicated that the above treatment have been proven in some well-designed clinical trials and experimental laboratory studies on smoking, alcohol dependence, and illicit substance use, but preventing addiction was lack.

Dr. Khanna S, the led author said, " ....better understand what types of yoga and mindfulness-based interventions work best for what types of addiction, what types of patients, and under what conditions".

Based on the information in analysis, the study also emphasized that yoga mindfulness may be used as an integrated form of intervention to reduced both psychological and physical aspects in patients with illicit substance abuse, especially in reduced the impulsive urge of temptation.

For More information on yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA BURN


Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
Sources
(1) [Mindfulness based interventions for addictive disorders: a review].[Article in French] by Skanavi S1, Laqueille X, Aubin HJ.(PubMed)
(2) Mindfulness-based treatment to prevent addictive behavior relapse: theoretical models and hypothesized mechanisms of change by Witkiewitz K1, Bowen S, Harrop EN, Douglas H, Enkema M, Sedgwick C.(PubMed)
(3) A narrative review of yoga and mindfulness as complementary therapies for addiction by Khanna S1, Greeson JM.(PubMed)

Phytochemical Alliin Protects the Liver Cell Integrity and Viability Against Liver Cancer

The liver is the largest detoxed internal organ with a function to filter out blood coming from the intestines before passing them to other parts of the body,

Additionally, the liver also produces cholesterol to aid digestion, production of steroid hormones, vitamin D and building strong cell membranes.

Liver cancer is a chronic condition caused by irregular cell growth due to the alternation of liver cell DNA.

Compared to normal liver cells growth which is stopped after a certain stage of division, liver cancer cells can grow indefinitely to form a tumor, leading to reduced function of the liver.

According to the statistics provided by the American Cancer Society, in 2019, about 42,030 new cases (29,480 in men and 12,550 in women) will be diagnosed.

Primary liver cancer and intrahepatic bile duct cancer also cause the death of 31,780 people (21,600 men and 10,180 women) in 2019.


In the Western world, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD), a spectrum of hepatic disorders induced by obesity and metabolic syndrome, is a recognized risk factor for liver cancer.


Dr. György Baffy at the Harvard Medical School wrote, "Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the fifth most prevalent cancer worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a spectrum of hepatic disorders associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome, is a recognized risk factor for HCC".


And, "NAFLD that is advanced to cirrhosis carries the highest risk for HCC, but there is an increasing concern that NAFLD-associated HCC may also occur in the non-cirrhotic liver".


Alliin (S-allyl-L-cysteine-S-oxide) is a phytochemical compound sulfoxide,. a derivative of the amino acid cysteine, belonging to the class of sulfur compounds, found abundantly in fresh garlic and onion.

With an aim to find a potential compound for the treatment of liver cancer, researchers examined the bioactive compound alliin isolated from garlic in an animal model, against liver cell DNA damage.
The study included rats induced liver cancer by N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) were treated by administration of garlic powders for 2 weeks (5% of the diet).

According to the liver comet assay, injection of different garlic powders demonstrated a significant liver protective effect by a 35-60% reduction in DNA damage induced by N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) in rat liver.


Additional injection of alliin content of the garlic powder showed a strongly proportional decrease in NDMA induced DNA alteration.

Three garlic powders with or without alliin also protected the liver cell against DNA damage induced by aflatoxin B1 in the liver.

However, these decreases were not correlated to the allicin content of the garlic powders.

In other words, additional alliin increased the garlic powder function in the inhibition of liver cancer initiation caused by NDMA while alliin found in the garlic must work with other compounds synergically to induce the same effects.

Taken altogether, alliin may be considered supplements for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.



Intake of alliin in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Inhibition of carcinogen-induced DNA damage in rat liver and colon by garlic powders with varying alliin content by Singh V1, Belloir C, Siess MH, Le Bon AM. (PubMed)
(2) Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, and Prevention by György Baffy. (PMC)

Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Cucumber, the Anti-Bacterial Infection Functional Food

Infection is a condition that leads to inflammation caused by the invasion of a microbial organism on body tissues

The bacterial infection is the infection caused by bacteria. Most cases of bacterial infection are treated with antibiotics. However, bacteria are very adaptable, overuse of antibiotics has made many of them resistant to antibiotics.

There are trillions of strains of bacteria in the world, but only a few of these cause diseases in humans. Some of them live inside our gut.

Most common symptoms of bacterial infection include redness and heat, swelling, fever, pain at the site of infection.

In severe cases, the patient may also experience symptoms of swollen lymph glands.

Most cases of bacterial infection can be treated successfully if the types of bacteria that cause the infection are identified.

There are many risk factors associated with the onset of bacterial infection, some researchers suggested that people with a weakened immune system may increase the prevalence of bacterial infection.

Dr. Doyon PR, the lead scientist wrote, "Patients with a weakened immune system due to immunosuppressive treatment are at increased risk of infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae".


And, " in patients treated with immunosuppressive medication and compared to controls, the initial serologic response to the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) is impaired. Moreover, this impaired response was more profound after PCV than after PPSV".


The cucumber plant is a species of Cucumis Sativus, belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae and native to Western Asia. It is a creeping vine with roots in the ground and grows up with the support of frames.

With an aim to find a natural antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infection, researchers compared the effect of potassium phosphite (KPhi) and chitosan on Cucurbitacin E (CuE) concentration in different tissues of Cucumis sativus against E.coli PTCC 1399 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PTCC 1430 bacterial strains.


The experiment includes* Group1. Leaves were sprayed with distilled water (Control),
* Group 2. The leaves were solely treated with potassium phosphate (KPhi),
* Group 3. Leaves were solely sprayed with chitosan (Chitosan), and
* Group 4. Leaves were treated with KPhi and chitosan (KPhi + chitosan).

Where the KPhi (2 g L-1) and chitosan (0.2 g L-1) were applied twice every 12 h for one day. Fruits, roots, and leaves were harvested 24 h later.

According to the results of antibacterial activity in each group, the highest level of CuE was found in fruit (2.2 g L-1) of plants under concomitant applications of KPhi and chitosan.

In other words, under the infected stage, fruit extract exhibited the highest potential for activity against E. coli PTCC 1399 (with a mean zone of inhibition equal to 36 mm) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PTCC 1430 (with a mean zone of inhibition equal to 33 mm).


Based on the findings, researchers concluded, "KPhi and chitosan can induce production of CuE compound and increase the antibacterial potential of cucumber plant extract".


Additionally, researchers in the examination of cucumber seed antibacterial effect also found that besides acting as natural antibiotics without affecting nearby healthy cells, cucumber seed also has strong activity in improving good bacteria in the gut.

Precisely, cucumber seed enhanced the total number of gut bacteria and altered the abundance of specific bacterial phylum or genus.

Taken altogether, cucumber and its bioactive compound cucurbitacin B (CuB) may be used for the treatment of bacterial infection, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of CuB in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca
Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Comparison between the effects of potassium phosphite and chitosan on changes in the concentration of Cucurbitacin E and on antibacterial property of Cucumis sativus by Ramezani M1, Rahmani F2, Dehestani A. (PubMed)
(2) Chemical Compositions of Cold-Pressed Broccoli, Carrot, and Cucumber Seed Flours and Their in Vitro Gut Microbiota Modulatory, Anti-inflammatory, and Free Radical Scavenging Properties by Choe U1, Li Y1,2, Gao B2, Yu L1, Wang TTY, Sun J, Chen P, Liu J3, Yu L. (PubMed)
(3) The effect of immunosuppressive agents on immunogenicity of pneumococcal vaccination: A systematic review and meta-analysis by van Aalst M1, Langedijk AC1, Spijker R2, de Bree GJ Grobusch MP4, Goorhuis A. (PMC)

Yoga, The Ancient Technique in Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Epidemiological studies suggested that yoga intervention may improve psychological and physical aspects in patients diagnosed with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychological condition triggered by terrifically experienced or witnessed events.


Yoga, the ancient practical technique for harmonized external and internal body well beings, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement, and gesture..... has been well known for people in the Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes' research and supported by health advocates.

In the concern of 10 million women with histories of interpersonal violence in the United States who have developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), researchers at the Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute, conducted a study included Sixty-four women with chronic, treatment-resistant PTSD randomly assigned to either trauma-informed yoga or supportive women's health education, with a weekly 1-hour class for 10 weeks, at the end of experiment indicated that yoga program expressed a significantly improved the syndrome, causing 16/ 31 participants no longer met criteria for PTSD in compared to 6 of 29 (21%) in the control group, linearly to the length of participation of the class of yoga in the trend of syndrome improvement.

According to the measurement of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), the yoga group expressed a better outcome in exhibited significantly decrease complications related to affect and impulse regulation.


In fact, yoga exercise, using deep relaxation and meditation to create a state of consciousness in the present moment and increased the ability to maintain or positive feelings to minimize or regulate stress feelings and defensive states.


Although, the achievement of mind calmness and induced dramatization to individual with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in perform mediation may be difficult during the early stage of treatment, instruction and guidance of yoga breathing was shown to gradually improved the individual attention of bodily sensations in modulation of autonomic arousal and decreased cognitive patterns of distraction.

More importantly, Dr. van der Kolk BA, the led author said, " both groups exhibited significant decreases in PTSD symptoms during the first half of treatment, but these improvements were maintained in the yoga group, while the control group relapsed after its initial improvement" and " Yoga may improve the functioning of traumatized individuals by helping them to tolerate physical and sensory experiences associated with fear and helplessness and to increase emotional awareness and affect tolerance".

Additionally, yoga breathing and mindfulness practices also improved attention on sensory experiences and physical sensations, including body tension, rapid heartbeat, and short, shallow breath in triggering an emotional response in a positive way.


Some researchers suggested that yoga postures not only help PTSD to gain awareness of body and its strength, feeling calm and control of thoughts, but also overcome the bad experiences of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) life through the expression of a friendly relationship with the body in confront internal sensations.

Interestingly, the investigation of the effect of yoga intervention on alcohol and drug abuse behaviors in women with PTSD,using data from a pilot randomized controlled trial by comparing a 12-session yoga practice with an assessment control for women age 18 to 65 years, measured by Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and Drug Use Disorder Identification Test (DUDIT), showed that yoga group expressed a mean AUDIT and DUDIT scores decreased a reduction in symptoms and improvement of symptom management in yoga group in compared to control.

Amazingly, yoga participants after the experiment also expressed interest in psychotherapy for PTSD.

The efficacy of yoga intervention in recovering addicts was attributed to the relaxation and mindfulness intervention in the induction of calmness of the body and mind to enhanced experience feelings of peace and comfort to deal with increased addictive temptation and to cop and tolerate the uncomfortable feelings and sensations that can lead to the reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior.

The findings suggested that yoga intervention can be used as an integrated form of practice to attenuate the symptoms of PTSD, through improving psychological and physical aspects in related to the risk of alcohol and drug addiction and an adjunct therapy used together with the primary treatment of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder.


For More information of yoga lessons tailor to a complete well being for women, please visit: YOGA BURN

Natural Medicine for Fatty Liver And Obesity Reversal - The Revolutionary Findings To Achieve Optimal Health And Lose Weight

How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters
Contrary To Professionals Prediction, Floaters Can Be Cured Naturally

Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months

Back to Kyle J. Norton Homepage http://kylejnorton.blogspot.ca


Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Yoga as an adjunctive treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized controlled trial by van der Kolk BA1, Stone L, West J, Rhodes A, Emerson D, Suvak M, Spinazzola J.(PubMed)
(2) The effect of a yoga intervention on alcohol and drug abuse risk in veteran and civilian women with posttraumatic stress disorder by Reddy S1, Dick AM, Gerber MR, Mitchell K.(PubMed)
(3) Yoga as an Adjunctive Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial by Bessel A. van der Kolk, MD; Laura Stone, MA; Jennifer West, PhD; Alison Rhodes, MSW Med; David Emerson, MA; Michael Suvak, PhD; and Joseph Spinazzola, PhD(Original Research)