Posted by Chantel Martiromo, Article By Kyle J. Norton
Fibroadenomas are benign breast
tumors composed of fibrous and glandular tissue which occur mostly in
women 30 years old or younger. According to statistic, approximately
500,000-700,000 fibroadenomas are removed each year in US alone. The
benign breast tumors are also called breast mice or a breast mouse due
to their high mobility in the breast. They are general painless and may
become tenderness or swelling just before the menstrual cycle. women
with multiple fibroadenomas may indicate a slightly increased risk of
1. Moving lumps
A slow growth cells mass in the breast may be an indication of fibroadenmas, lumps can be firm, painless, slow growth
2. Smooth and well-defined borders
Any roughness and undefined border may be an indication of breast cancer
3. Grow in size
Tumors may grow in size during pregnancy as a result of hormonal change.
4. Shrinking after menopause
As a result of reduction of female hormones after menopause.
Causes and risk factors
Due to the composite of tumors tissue, women under 30 are at higher risk in developing fibroadenomas.
Black women have a higher risk to develop fibroadenomas than other races and at an earlier age.
as study of Risk Factors for Fibroadenoma in a Cohort of Female Textile
Workers in Shanghai, China by Zakia Coriaty Nelson, Roberta M. Ray,
Dao Li Gao and David B. Thomas, researchers found that
a. History of benign breast disease
Women who had history of benign breast disease was strongly associated with an increased risk of fibroadenoma.
b. Premenstrual mastalgia
Premenstrual mastalgia was associated with higher risk of fibroadenoma.
c. Family history of breast cancer
Vomen who have family history of breast cancer are at relative risk of fibroadenoma.
d. Early age at first breast lump
Early age at first breast lump was determined to be an independent predictor of risk.
4. Exposure to xanoestrogen
xanoestrogen exhibits the production body's bad estrogen, causing
premenstrual mastalgia that may lead to fibroadenomas.
Diagnosis and testsAfter
taking the family record and a careful physical examination, to look
for any abnormal lumps in the breast, tests which your doctor may order
1. Breast ultrasound
Ultrasound allows your doctor to
visualize and assess the size of the fibroadenomas in your breasts and
to check for any abnormality and surrounding area of the breasts with
image taken from the test.
It may be difficult to interpret due to
dense tissue. A biopsy of the breast may be necessary to rule out other
disorders. Aspiration of the breast with a fine needle can often
diagnose and treat Fibroadenomas.
Mammogram is a
diagnostic and a screening tool with the use of low-energy-X-rays to
examine the women breast tissue with the aim to detect any breast tissue
abnormally and any sign of tumor. mammograms can detect between 85 to
90 percent of all abnormalities, including breast cancer, cysts,
fibroadenomas, tumors, etc. even before you can feel a lump.
3. Breast biopsy
breast biopsy, samples of affected abnormal area are taken by a thin,
tube-like instrument to examine under microscopy to review the
A. How to avoid
1. Avoid saturated and trans fat
Saturated and trans fat enhance the production of bad estrogen, which can increase the risk of the disease.
2. Avoid exposure to xanoestrogen
Same as above, exposure to xanoestrogen can increase the production of estrogen.
3. No refined sugar and artificial ingredients
Dieth igh in artificial ingredients and refined sugar can result in high estrogen production.
4. Oral contraceptive pill
a study of risk factors for breast fibroadenoma in young women.
Sitruk-Ware R, Thalabard JC, Benotmane A, Mauvais-Jarvis P.,
researchers found that Also current use of standard oral
contraceptives (SOC) containing 50 micrograms of ethinyl estradiol per
pill appeared to be protective and the correlation with FA was
negative. These findings underline: (a) the predictive value of
premenstrual mastalgia for the subsequent development of breast
disease; (b) only current high-dose OC use is protective.
1. Cruciferous vegetables
vegetables such as cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, etc. beside contain
high amount of antioxidants, but also phytonutrients that have been
shown to help prevent the onset and halt the progression of certain
Wolfberry beside contains a
measure amount of beta-carotene which is proven in vitro to inhibit the
spreading of cancer cells, it also contains high amount of phytonutrient
which can occupy the estrogen receptors, leading to less estrogen
produced by the body. Because of controversy of the subject, I would
like to direct the question to this site, click here
3. Deep sea fish
sea fish, because of living in the very cold environment and feeding
onto omega 3 rich seaweed, contains high amount of Omega 3 essential
fatty acid which is necessary to balance the levels of Omega 6 fatty
acids to prevent the over production of prostaglandins hormone, causing
premenstrual mastalgia, leading to fibroadenomas.
4. Green tea
some clinical studies researchers suggested that the polyphenols in
green tea, may play an important role in the prevention of cancer by
killing cancerous cells and stopping their progression. It should
helpful to prevent breast cancer due to fibroadenomas.
5. Fruits and vegatable
a study of Fruit and vegetable intakes are associated with lower risk
of breast fibroadenomas in Chinese women. Nelson ZC, Ray RM, Wu C,
Stalsberg H, Porter P, Lampe JW, Shannon J, Horner N, Li W, Wang W, Hu
Y, Gao D, Thomas DB, researchers found that In conclusion, a diet rich
in fruits and vegetables and the use of oral contraceptives may reduce
risk of fibroadenoma.
C. Nutritional supplements
1. Vitamin B6 and gamma linolenic acid GLA
no cancer is present then with an analgesic such as aspirin or
ibuprofen for periods of intense pain is usually all the treatment
necessary. If this is not sufficient, cyclical breast pain (cyclical
mastalgia) can be treated with vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and gamma
linolenic acid according the article of Breast lumps and breast pain
from health 24 dated , January 24, 2011.
are under active research for possible benefits immune system, and as
anti-cancer agents. Flavonoids found abundant in berry, inhibit caner
cell in vitro study. it should also be helpful in treating benign
3. Omega 3 fatty acids
Omega 3 essential fatty acids
are necessary to balance the levels of Omega 6 fatty acids to prevent
the over production of prostaglandins hormones, causing premenstrual
mastalgia, leading to fibroadenomas.
such as free radical scavengers vitamin A, C, E enhance the immune
system against the forming of free radicals and prevent the alternation
of cell DNA cause of abnormal cell growth. For more information of how
antioxidants help to treat tumors, click here
A. In conventional medicine
1. Wait and see
the benign tumor does not cause any symptom and seem to growing, your
doctor may take wait and see attitude. Since there is no symptoms to be
treated, using medication or surgery may produce certain unnecessary
risk. If the benign tumor it changes, grows, or doesn't go away it may
need to be removed at a later time. Most women under the age of 20 with
high percentage have seen their tumors disappeared.
of the time, fibroadenomas are removed by needle biopsy or surgical
excision under local or general anesthesia, depending to the diagnosis
Cryoablation is the use of the extreme cold to destroy fibroadenomas tissue under guidance of the ultrasound imaging with conditions recommended by The American Society of Breast Surgeons
a, The lesion must be sonographically visible.
b. The diagnosis of fibroadenoma must be confirmed histologically.
c. Lesions should be less than 4 cm in diameter.
a syudy of Cryosurgery for Breast Fibroadenomas by Lizhi Niu,KeCheng
Xu, researchers concluded that approximately 10% of women will
experience a fibroadenoma in their lifetime. Several studies have
demonstrated that the percutaneous cryoablation under ultrasound
guidance is a safe and effective modality, and should be used as a
primary alternative to surgical excision for breast fibroadenoma.
is a source of is a source of phytoestrogens, some studies have
reported no link and others have reported a decrease in the risk of
breast cancer among women eating soy compared to women who did not eat
2. Chastery tree berry
Chastery tree is considered as a
queen herb in herbal medicine, it helps to balance the levels of
estrogen and progesterone, thus reducing the risk of Premenstrual
3. Black Cohosh
Black Cohosh is a phytoestrogenic
herb. In a study published in Environmental Health Perspectives,
researchers found that phytoestrogens have been shown to have
antioxidant activity and can influence intracellular enzymes, protein
synthesis, growth factor action, and cell proliferation in a way that
makes them "strong candidates for a role as natural cancer-protective
4. Red clover
Red clover modulate estrogen levels
by stimulating estrogenic activity when the body's hormone levels are
low, and by competing for its binding sites when levels are high.
C. Traditional Chinese medicine
Chinese medicine views fibroadenomas as the result of stagnation of
liver-Qi complication with coagulation of phlegm, including liver qi
stagnation, liver qi stagnation give rise to fire, liver qi stagnation
with yin deficiency and liver qi stagnation with disharmony of Chong Mai
and Ren mai channels. Because of the complexity in differentiation of
the subject, I will leave it to another article.
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