Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.
The smoothie for women with primary dysmenorrhea
Yield: 2 serving (about 8 ounce each)
1/2 cup cooked fennel
1 large slice of ginger
1/4 cup of celery
1 1/2 cups of almond milk
1. Place all ingredients in a blender and puree about 1 minute
2. Blend on high speed about 1 minute or until the mixture is thick and the ice is well crushed.
3. Serve immediately
The finding of a natural source for reduced risk and treatment of Primary Dysmenorrhea has encountered many obstacles, many ingredients showed initially the promising result in animal studies have not produced same potentials in either large sample size and mutli centers human trials.
Recent study from some well known institutions suggested that combination of ginger(1) and fennel(4) and celery(8) may hold a key for a natural ingredients for reduced painful symptoms and treatment of Primary Dysmenorrhea.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) or ginger root is the genus Zingiber, belongings to the family Zingiberaceae, native to Tamil, used in traditional and Chinese medicine to treat dyspepsia, gastroparesis, constipation, edema, difficult urination, colic, etc.
In primary dysmenorrhea patient, ginger is effective on pain relief without inducing adverse effects and may be used as an alternative treatment for primary dysmenorrhea, according to the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences(1) and treatment of ginger in students with primary dysmenorrhea for 5 days also showed a statistically significant effect on relieving intensity and duration of pain, the Shahed University, study suggested(2).
Furthermore, in osteoarthritic patient, Dr. Therkleson T said," ginger therapy activated a marked relief of osteoarthritis symptoms that progressively improved over the 24 weeks, with no negative effects reported. Ginger therapy needs to be considered by nurses caring for specific personality types with osteoarthritis"(3).
Fennel is a species of Foeniculum Vulgare, belongings to the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), and native to to the shores of the Mediterranean. It is now widely cultivated all around the globe to use as food and herb.
In the investigation of the occurrence of painful menstrual cramps of uterus and comparison of medical therapy such as mefenamic acid [non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)] and oral contraceptive pills, researchers at the Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, fennel is very effective in reducing the severity of dysmenorrhea, but with an unpleasant taste in view of most of the volunteers(4).
Also in a cohort of seventy women, 15-24 years old from a local university and high-school, who complained of dysmenorrhea, essence of fennel reduced painful symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea but lesser potency in comparison to mefenamic acid(5).
The Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, in double-blind clinical trial of 105 students with mild and moderate dysmenorrhea, Fennelin and vitagnus had higher effect than mefenamic acid. in contracts to the precedent study, probably due to dosage different effects(6).
Dr. Ghodsi Z and Dr.Asltoghiri M said," considering the safety of herbal medicines, this drug(one soft capsule Fennel (30 mg)) can relieve dysmenorrheal signs and menstrual duration(7).
Celery is a species of Apium graveolens, belong to the family Apiaceae, cultivated all around the globe as a vegetable. According to the clinical controlled trial conducted by the Nursing Midwifery School, oral administration of celery seed extracts three times a day for three days, starting from the onset of bleeding or pain reduced symptoms of pain in in pain scores and pain duration scores(8).
Taking altogether, women with Primary Dysmenorrhea should drink the smoothie as much as they can, depending to digestive toleration.
Change of life style and diet pattern are also recommended.
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(1) The effect of mefenamic acid and ginger on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized clinical trial by Shirvani MA1, Motahari-Tabari N, Alipour A.(PubMed)
(2) Effect of Zingiber officinale R. rhizomes (ginger) on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea: a placebo randomized trial by Rahnama P1, Montazeri A, Huseini HF, Kianbakht S, Naseri M.(PubMed)
(3) Ginger Therapy for Osteoarthritis: A Typical Case by Therkleson T1.(PubMed)
(4) Oral fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) drop effect on primary dysmenorrhea: Effectiveness of herbal drug by Bokaie M1, Farajkhoda T, Enjezab B, Khoshbin A, Karimi-Zarchi M.(PubMed)
(5) Comparison of fennel and mefenamic acid for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea by Namavar Jahromi B1, Tartifizadeh A, Khabnadideh S.(PubMed)
(6) Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of herbal drugs (fennelin and vitagnus) and mefenamic acid in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea by Zeraati F1, Shobeiri F2, Nazari M3, Araghchian M1, Bekhradi R4.(PubMed)
(7) The effect of fennel on pain quality, symptoms, and menstrual duration in primary dysmenorrhea. by Ghodsi Z1, Asltoghiri M2.(PubMed)
(8) The effect of an Iranian herbal drug on primary dysmenorrhea: a clinical controlled trial by Nahid K1, Fariborz M, Ataolah G, Solokian S.(PubMed)