Posted by Chantel Martiromo, Article By Kyle J. Norton
Depression is a normal response as part of our daily lives such as
the loss of s job, the death of a love one, and illness. Over 30 million
Americans suffer from depression and the amount is increasing in an
alarming rate. Depression may be a mental health disorder that can
affect the way you eat, sleep, and the way you feel about yourself. The
mild case of depression can be defeated by a variety of self-care
techniques. Others require the treatment of medication, such as
antidepressant medications and psychotherapy that help to reduce and
sometimes eliminate the symptoms of depression. According to the
National Mental Health Association, one in every eight women can expect
to experience clinical depression during their lifetime. In gender
perspective, women are twice at risk to develop depression than men.
Women and depression
In an article of Why Women Experience Depression More Than Men, by Susan
Nolen-Hoeksema, Ph.D., Carla Grayson, Ph.D. & Judith Larson, Ph.D.,
the experts wrote that researchers have known for years that women
experience depression more often than men do, but the reason for this
gender difference has not been clear. A study published by researchers
provides some answers by showing how social conditions and personality
characteristics affect each other and contribute to the gender
differences in depressive symptoms.
Social and cultural causes of depression
In an article of Study links poverty to depression among mothers written
By Donna St. GeorgeWashington Post Staff Writer, the author wrote that
More than half of babies in poverty are being raised by mothers who show
symptoms of mild to severe depression, potentially creating problems in
parenting and in child development, according to a new study.
Low-income mothers of infants were typically not teenagers, Golden
said, but young – in their early 20s – with more than half under 24. The
severely depressed group was 44 percent white, 30 percent black and 21
percent Hispanic; these mothers were at greater risk of domestic
violence and substance abuse than poor mothers who were not depressed.
2. Childhood trauma
In a study of The link between childhood trauma and depression: Insights
from HPA axis studies in humans by Christine Heim, D. Jeffrey Newport
Tanja Mletzko, Andrew H. Miller and Charles B. Nemeroff, researcher
found that Childhood trauma is a potent risk factor for developing
depression in adulthood, particularly in response to additional stress.
We here summarize results from a series of clinical studies suggesting
that childhood trauma in humans is associated with sensitization of the
neuroendocrine stress response, glucocorticoid resistance, increased
central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) activity, immune
activation, and reduced hippocampal volume, closely paralleling several
of the neuroendocrine features of depression.
3. Social isolation
A woman with lack of contact with other people beside the family may be
cause by a pervasive withdrawal or avoidance of social contact or
communication are at higher risk to develop depression as a sesult of
behavioural and physical disorders.
4. Role strain
Over conflicting and overwhelming responsibilities in a woman life can
contribute to a higher stress, if problem is not solve over prolonged
period of time, it may lead to depression.
5. Relationship dissatisfaction
Life stress, social support and clinical depression: A reanalysis of the
literature by Runar Vilhjalmsson, Department of Nursing, University of
Iceland, Eiriksgotu 34, 101, Reykjavik, Iceland, researcher ofund that
the lack of social support may increase the likelihood that life stress
will lead to depression, or the absence of social support may constitute
a form of strain that leads to depression directly.
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