Insomnia is a sign and symptom of sleep disorder and defined as a condition in which a person has a difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality that can lead to substantial impairments in the quality of life and functional capacity of an individual. Most adults have experienced insomnia sometimes in their life. According to statistic, more than 30% of the population suffers from insomnia, one in three people suffer from some form of insomnia during their lifetime and women suffer from insomnia more often than men.
B. Treatments In Herbal Medicine
1. Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis):
Chamomile, a time-honored sedative herb, is widely used in teas for its relaxing and calming effects, especialy in South America, and Mexico it is used as a herbal medicine to treat insomnia, restlessness and irritability, particularly in children.
2. Hops (Humulus lupulus):Hops are the female inflorescences of the plant Humulus lupulus L., and used used as an herbal medicine for mood disturbance and insomnia. In a study of Valerian-hops combination and diphenhydramine for treating insomnia: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Morin CM, Koetter U, Bastien C, Ware JC, Wooten V., researchers found that Sleep improvements with a valerian-hops combination are associated with improved quality of life. Both treatments appear safe and did not produce rebound insomnia upon discontinuation during this study. Overall, these findings indicate that a Valerian-hops combination and diphenhydramine might be useful adjuncts in the treatment of mild insomnia.
3. Lavender (Lavandula officinalis):Lavender is a gentle strengthening tonic for the nervous system to treat moderate depression and for generalized anxiety disorder cause of insomnia.4. Passion flower (Passiflora incarnata):Passion flower is an important herb to treat insomnia caused by anxiety, epilepsy, neuralgia, and withdrawal syndromes from opiates or benzodiazepines due to its sedative effect of centrally acting substances such as benzodiazepines, barbiturates, alcohol. in a study of Passionflower in the treatment of generalized anxiety: a pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial with oxazepam by Akhondzadeh S, Naghavi HR, Vazirian M, Shayeganpour A, Rashidi H, Khani M., researchers found that Passiflora extract is an effective drug for the management of generalized anxiety disorder, and the low incidence of impairment of job performance with Passiflora extract compared to oxazepam is an advantage. A large-scale trial is justified.
5. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis):Valerian has been used as a sedative agent to treat against insomnia, nervousness, and restlessness by many herbalists. Please read hops-valerian study above.
6. St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum):
St. John's Wort has been used as sedative agent as imipramine or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to treat mild to moderate depression causes of insomnia. In a study of Equivalence of St John's wort extract (Ze 117) and fluoxetine: a randomized, controlled study in mild-moderate depression by Schrader E., researcher found that Although hypericum (St. John Wart extracted, Ze 117) may be superior in improving the responder rate, the main difference between the two treatments is safety. Hypericum was superior to fluoxetine in overall incidence of side-effects, number of patients with side-effects and the type of side-effect reported.
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