Osteoporosis is defined as a condition in which the bone minerals density including calcium, is deteriorate with the amounts of protein in the bone is alter,that lead to bone weakening, causing the increased risk of fracture. In women, osteoporosis happens in the stage of menopause, as the result of the reduction of hormones which protects the bones from calcium and are at increased risk bone fracture related to osteoporosis. In the US, more than 24 million women in the United States are affected by this disease.
Diagnosis and tests
1. Blood test
test for calcium and vitamin D in the sample withdrawn from your vein
will be helpful to determine the metabolic process of bone breakdown.
2. Bone mineral density (BMD)
Bone mineral density
(BMD) is a test to measure the amount of matter per cubic centimeter
of bones used as an indicator of osteoporosis and fracture risk with a
special X ray or computed tomography (CT) scan.
3. Bone density scan
Bone density scan also known as dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or bone densitometry,
test to measure amount of bone loss by exposing a part of the body to a
small dose of ionizing radiation with the use of X ray to take image
of the inside of the body.
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