Sunday, June 16, 2013
Progesterone receptor gene (PGR) variants and breast cancer risk
Posted by Chantel Martiromo. research contributed by PubMed
In the study of evaluated 8 PGR candidate SNPs and 18 PGR tagging SNPS in 487 breast cancer cases and 843 controls using multivariable logistic regression with adjustment for combined hormone replacement therapy use, posted in PubMed, conducted for European Americans (EA: 399 cases, 490 controls) and African Americans (AA: 88 cases, 353 controls), indicated that In EAs, no significant associations were observed with the investigated PGR variants. In AAs, two tagging SNPs (rs590688 and rs10895054) were statistically significantly associated with breast cancer. For rs590688, each addition of the C allele was protective compared to the G allele (OR = 0.56, 95 % CI 0.39-0.82, p value 0.003, corrected p value 0.03). For rs10895054, each addition of the T allele increased the risk of breast cancer compared to the A allele nearly threefold (OR = 2.9, 95 % CI 1.47-6.02, p value 0.002, corrected p value 0.04). Three haplotype blocks, all containing rs590688, were found to be significantly associated with breast cancer risk. Environmental exposures, namely parity and obesity modified the effect of both SNPs on breast cancer risk in EA.
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