Posted by Chantel M. Research contributed by the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
The prevalence of childbearing age obesity is wide spreading in US, approximately, 50% of them are either overweight [body mass index (BMI) 25-29.9 kg/m(2)] or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). In the study toevaluate the effectiveness of dietary and lifestyle interventions in reducing or preventing obesity in pregnancy and to assess the beneficial and adverse effects of the interventions on obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcomes, posted in PubMed, indicated that interventions in pregnancy to manage weight result in a significant
reduction in weight gain in pregnancy (evidence quality was moderate).
Dietary interventions are the most effective type of intervention in
pregnancy in reducing gestational weight gain and the risks of
pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension and shoulder dystocia. There is
no evidence of harm as a result of the dietary and physical
activity-based interventions in pregnancy. Individual patient data
meta-analysis is needed to provide robust evidence on the differential
effect of intervention in various groups based on BMI, age, parity,
socioeconomic status and medical conditions in pregnancy(1).
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