Herbal Cascara Sagrada may have a potential and positive effect in reducing risks and treatment of constipation, according to studies.
Constipation is a condition of infrequent bowel movements caused by hard and dry stool.
Without bowel movement that lasts longer than 3 days is considered having a condition of constipation
Chronic constipation can lead to symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, and feeling as if one has not completely passed the bowel movement.
In severe cases, chronic constipation can cause the complications of formation of hemorrhoids, anal fissure or fecal impaction.
According to the statistic, constipation most often affects women, adults ages 65 and older. Constipation is highly prevalent, with approximately 12 million general practitioner prescriptions for laxatives in England in 2001.
Most common risk factors for the onset of the condition including, a poor diet with less fiber, overuse of laxatives, certain medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, colon cancer, long-term use of certain medications, such as narcotics, antidepressants and resisting the urge to poop.
Some researchers suggested that atypical defecation habits are one of the most risk factor associated with the risk of constipation that is harder to treat.
Ms. Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille in the examine the risk chronic constipation with atypical defecation habits in children, wrote, "Atypical defecation habits are common and distressing for children and families and can have a major impact on quality of life. Often, no underlying factor can be identified, and the defecation disorder is considered functional".
And, "Current interventions are not successful for up to 50% of children. We suggest this high failure rate may be caused by a lack of consistency in the descriptors of behavioral indicators for functional defecation problems. Most investigations and descriptors focus on general behavior. There are fewer reports concerning defecation-specific behaviors".
More investigations are necessary before a strategy can be found for the treatment of chronic constipation with atypical defecation habits in children.
Cascara sagrada is a species of buckthorn, genus Rhamnus, belonging to the family Rhamnaceae, native to western North America. The herbal bark has been used in traditional medicine for gastrointestinal support. and it is thought to have a laxative and natural cleansing, etc.
The chemical constituents of Cascara Sagrada include Aloe-emodin, Anthrquinone glycosides (Barbaloin Cascarosides A, B, C and D ChrysaloinFrangul), Chrysophanol, Emodin, Heterodianthrones palmidin A, B, and C, dianthrones, Oxanthrone, Rhein, Tannins, etc.
Researchers in the concerns of the high prevalence of constipation used of laxatives, a colon addictive substance, examined the effects of cascara sagrada accompanied by the infection of ear mushroom.
A total of 34 patients diagnosed with functional constipation according to the definition of the modified Rome II criteria. divided into 3 groups (placebo, ear mushrooms alone, and ear mushrooms with additives including cascara sagrada, etc.).
Numbers of bowel movement, straining, sense of incomplete evacuation, stool consistency, satisfactory relief, abdominal pain/discomfort and colon transit time were evaluated and analyzed before, during and after the treatment.
Both ear mushrooms alone and ear mushrooms with additives significantly improved a number of bowel movement, straining, sense of incomplete evacuation.
Furthermore, both applications also improved stool consistency and satisfactory relief in the participants.
Compared to the use of ear mushrooms alone, adding herbal Cascara Sagrada was found to be more effective on the improvement of constipation.
However, compared to no side effects on the use of ear mushroom, adding herbal Cascara Sagrada may induce mild gastrointestinal discomforts in some patients.
The results clearly suggested that ear mushroom combined with herbal Cascara Sagrada and fiber may have a strong inhibition against the development and chronic constipation with no serious effects.
Taken altogether, herbal Cascara Sagrada may be used alone or combined with other anti constipation functional foods for the prevention and treatment of chronic constipation with little or no side effects.
However, due to the limitation of the small sample size, we suggested that the confirmation by a large sample and multicenter human study is necessary before declaring the effective use of herbal Cascara Sagrada and its combination for the treatment of constipation.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Rhamnus purshiana (Cascara)
(2) Constipation in adults. by Mueller-Lissner SA, Wald A.(PubMed)
(3) [Effect of ear mushroom (Auricularia) on functional constipation].[Article in Korean] by Kim TI, Park SJ, Choi CH, Lee SK, Kim WH.(PubMed)
(4) Defecation-Specific Behavior in Children with Functional Defecation Issues: A Systematic Review by Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille, MSc. (PMC)
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