Posted by Chantel Martiromo, Article By Kyle J. Norton
Mastitis is the inflammation of breast tissue. It
is caused by an infection with the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus which
can enter the breast through the nipple. the incidence happens most to
the breast feeding mother as a result of the nipples have become dry and
tender or it can be caused by untreated plugged duct. The disease
affects over approximately 10% of breastfeeding women in the world.
Types of Mastitis
1. Puerperal mastitis
mastitis is the inflammation of breast during breastfeeding or weaning.
It is a result of a milk duct is not draining well that leads to sore,
tender lump or knotty area in the breast. If the plugged duct if left
untreated, it can lead to pressure building up resulting of inflammation
to the surrounding tissue, causing breast inflammation or mastitis.
2. Non-puerperal mastitis
The inflammation of breast tissue occurs unrelated to pregnancy and breastfeeding.
1. Breast and breast skin tenderness
3. Breast swelling
4. Burning sensation
5. Warm feeling if touch
7. Flu like symptoms
8. Red lumps
9. Breast engorgement
Causes of Matitis during breastfeeding
In an article "Mastitis (breastfeeding) - Causes" publicized at NHS
choices, last reviewed: 10/06/2010, researcher indicated that milk
stasis can lead to the milk ducts in the breasts becoming blocked, as
the breast milk not being properly and regularly expressed. If the
plugged duct if left untreated, it can lead to pressure building up
resulting of inflammation to the surrounding tissue, causing breast
inflammation or mastitis.
2. Other article "Breastfeeding
Mastitis Causes and Symptoms" publicized on Breast feedingmastitis.com
indicated that The infection is usually caused by bacteria from the skin
or the baby’s mouth that enters the milk ducts through skin lesions of
the nipple through the opening of the nipple. Once bacteria has entered
the milk ducts the multiply, leading to the symptoms of the condition.
1. Frequent breast feed of the infected breast
It can help to empty the milk in the breast and prevent it from in blocking the ducts.
Supplying enough fluids for both mother and baby is essential to reduce
the risk of nipple crack, that can lead to invasion of the bacteria.
3. Massage and applied heat to the infected breast before feeding
It can help to release milk and reduce the risk of plugged duct.
4. Anti body will not be prescribed in the bacteria infection case or until it is absolutely necessary
If antibiotics are necessary in serve case, Dicloxacillin or cephalexin
may be prescribed in a full course of up to 14 days, that helps to
reduce the risk of recurrence or antibiotics resistance.
6. In rare cases, lactation inhibiting medication may be necessary.
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