Posted by Chantel Martiromo, Article By Kyle J. Norton
Contraceptive patch is a medical adhesive patch
attached to the skin (abdomen, upper body, or buttocks) of a woman to
prevent possibility of pregnancy by graduating releasing dose of
synthetic estrogen and progesterone into bloodstream, similar to the
oral combined contraceptive pill. In US , only one patch is approved,
called Ortho Evra. You only need to change the patch every two weeks.
The patch is considered as more convenient than the the pill.
How it works
1. Reduce the period blood flow
2. Reduce the bleeding by thinning the endometrial lining.
3. Reduce the period pain by inhibiting the hormone prostaglandins hormones that cause the uterine muscles spasm.
4. Reduce the bleeding of cysts and pelvic cavity because the Pill creates the pregnant-like state.
5. Suppress the estrogen that is needed to start a menstrual cycle.
Symptoms, Risks and side effects
1. Blood clots
hormonal methods of birth control pose a threat to normal blood
flow.The contraceptive patch is no exception, it increases the risk of
of blood clots in your legs or on the lung caused by estrogen in the
pill that makes your blood thicker in the veins.
who uses the contraceptive patch may increase the risk of stroke caused
by blockage of blood flow to the brain as resulting of high level of
estrogen in the pill that reduces the oxygen transportation as the blood
3. Heart disease
Similar to the stroke, as
our blood get thicker, your heart has to pump harder to provide oxygen
for our body cells need causing hypertension. If the heart has to work
that hard for a prolong period of time because of long term use of the
contraceptive, it will be damaged causing heart disease.
4. Skin pigment
woman may experience increasing of pigmentation of skin that shows up
in patchy and light brown area caused by estrogen in the patch.
5. Mood swing
women may experience mood swing while using the patch, it is caused by
significant changes in your hormone levels affecting the chemicals that
regulate mood such as level of estrogen and progesterone in the patch.
6. Bleeding and spotting
and spotting when you are not scheduled to bleed and spotting, are very
common in the first 6 months of continuous birth control patch, because
your body has to take time to adjust to the change of hormone level.
The longer you use the patch the lesser the bleeding and spotting.
women after coming off the birth control patch and hope to get
pregnant, they may be disappointed. Not only the effects of the
contraceptive patch maybe needed sometime to wire off, our body may
never be able to adjust, causing lost of period permanently.
8. Increase the size of fibroids
patch contains estrogen that promote the growth of fibroids. If you
have fibroids and you want to use the patch, you should talk to your
The advantages of the contraceptive patch
1. Control unwanted pregnancy
It has a failure rate of 1%, if used properly.
2. Control menstrual cramps
helps to inhibit the over production of prostaglandins which cause the
muscles spam contraction of ovarian muscles resulting of less period
pain and period flow.
3. Reducing the rate of reproductive organ diseases
to the oral contraceptive pill. the patch helps reduce the rate of
ovarian and endometrial cancer, benign breast disease, benign ovarian
cysts, pelvic inflammatory disease, because of stopping or reducing of
period blood flow.
4. Shinking endometriosis
implants, adhesion or cysts no longer active, because there are no
substance to activate the menstrual cycle because of pregnancy like
state that shrinks the endometriosis.
is a disease of iron deficiency, intake of the pill stops or reduces the
period blood, there are less iron needed to be produced by the liver or
The disadvantages of the contraceptive patch
1. Growth of fibroids
starts from a single cell that grows abnormally. Fibroid occurs mostly
in women after puberty and shrink after menopause. Growth of fibroid is
caused high level of estrogen and progesterone. Using the contraceptive
patch increases the level of both hormones resulting in increase the
risk of the growth of fibroid.
2. Recurrent of menstrual symptoms
Some women who stop the patch, may see all the menstrual symptoms coming back.
3. Blood clots
Estrogen released causes blood getting thicker resulting in blood clots in the small vessels in the leg and the lung.
4. Stroke and heart diseases
shows that women who have higher natural estrogen levels may have a
higher risk of stroke and heart diseases caused by estrogen in the patch
that blocks that hormonal action in some parts of the body, while
increasing its effects in the heart and others.
5. Hormonal imbalance
contraceptive may influence the imbalance hormones of estrogen and
progesterone. Normally, It requires six months for the body to adjust to
the use of the patch.
6. Depression and mood swing
patch in the beginning may cause abnormal fluctuations in estrogen and
progesterone elevation both physical and psychological stress,
eventually resulting in both depression and mood swing. If depression
and mood swing continue over six months period, it is for your own good
to talk to your doctor.
Prolong use of the patch
may cause loss of period in some women. Some women may take months or
year to get their period back. resulting of infertility.
8. Bleeding and spotting
and spotting is normal for the first six months for women started using
the patch because our body needs time to adjust to the new medication.
9. Lost interest in sex
who use the contraceptive patch are in danger of permanently lost their
interest in sex because it inhibits testosterone, the hormone that
drives sexual desire even aftyer if they stop using the patch.
10. Nutritional deficiency
patch can causes vitamin and mineral imbalances or deficiencies. It
depletes magnesium for healthy heart, coenzyme Q10 for healthy heart
muscles, folic acid for preventing cervical abnormalities, vitamin B6,
B2, B3, zinc, etc.
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