Posted by Chantel Martiromo, Article By Kyle J. Norton
Gum diseases is a type of
periodontal disease that can affect a woman pregnancy outcome, including
preterm pregnancy and low weight baby. According to the study of
Periodontal Disease and Pregnancy Outcomes by Dolapo A. Babalola and
Folashade Omole posted in the Journals of pregancy, researcher found
that It is vitally important for women of reproductive age including
pregnant women to practice good dental hygiene which involves making
regular dentist visits that include the removal of calculus or tartar,
brushing and flossing regularly, and using mouthwash. This is because
pregnancy causes hormonal changes that increase the risk of developing
gum disease, and because your oral health can affect the health of the
developing baby. In an effort to sustain a normal pregnancy, it is
necessary to balance the mother's nutritional, hormonal, and
Causes of gum diseases during pregnancy
Gum diseases mostly caused by infection that can affect the fetus include
The change of hormone during pregnancy can cause gum bleeding as a
result of fluctuation of hormones that make your gums more sensitive to
2. Mouth Infection
Mouth Inflammation caused by thrush, a candida mouth infection that occurs most often in during pregnancy can increase the risk of gum diseases, including bleeding.
3. Symptoms of pregnancy
Certain symptoms in pregnancy can promote gum diseases such as morning sickness, rinse our mouth with water, etc.
4. Pregnancy tumors
Pregnancy tumor such as pyogenic granuloma can increase the risk of
as a result of the response to plaque building up that can lead to
5. Genetic susceptibility
Some pregnant women are more prone to gum disease than others.
See avoid smoking in prevention
1. Swollen gum
2. Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
3. Tender gums
4. Tooth sensitive
5. Loose or separating teeth
6. Persistent bad breath
Healthy habits and good oral hygiene are always the best way in preventing gum disease.
1. Reduce in take of sugar or sugar related products, including candy bars, snack bars, sugar related drinks, etc.
2. Quit Smoking
Smoking can increase the risk of gym diseases as a result of
Calculus, Deep pockets between your teeth and gums and Loss of the bone
and tissue that support your teeth. In a study of "Cigarette
smoking and periodontal disease among 32-year-olds: a prospective study
of a representative birth cohort." by Thomson WM, Broadbent JM, Welch
D, Beck JD, Poulton R. researcher found that Complete data were
available for 810 individuals of whom 48.9% had ever smoked (31.5% were
current smokers). Compared with never-smokers, long-term smokers (and
other age-32 smokers) had very high odds ratios (ORs of 7.1 and 5.7,
respectively) for having 1 +sites with 5 +mm AL, and were more likely
to be incident cases after age 26 (ORs of 5.2 and 3.2, respectively).
Two-thirds of new cases after age 26 were attributable to smoking.
There were no significant differences in periodontal health between
never-smokers and those who had quit smoking after age 26. and
concluded that Current and long-term smoking in young adults is
detrimental to periodontal health, but smoking cessation may be
associated with a relatively rapid improvement in the periodontium.
3. Dental Examinations
women who are pregnant with gum disease may be experience no symptom
at all. It is for the pregnant and the fetus benefits that they have at
least on dental examination during pregnancy.
4. Good hygiene such as tooth brushing, mouth cleansing, and flossing is always the best way to prevent periodontal disease.
Treatments of Periodontal Disease During Pregnancy depending to the
diagnosis, your dentist will provide you with all information, The aim
od this article is to make sure that you understand that treatments are
beneficial to you and you baby with no hazardous to you or your
1. According to the study of "Treatment of Periodontal Disease
During Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial" by Newnham, John P.
FRANZCOG; Newnham, Ian A. FRACDS(Perio); Ball, Colleen M. RN; Wright,
Michelle AssocDDentHyg; Pennell, Craig E. FRANZCOG; Swain, Jonathan
MDSc(Perio); Doherty, Dorota A. PhD, posted in Obstetrics &
Gynecology, researchers found that the evidence provided by the present
study does not support the hypothesis that treatment of periodontal
disease during pregnancy in this population prevents preterm birth,
fetal growth restriction, or preeclampsia. Periodontal treatment was
not hazardous to the women or their pregnancies.
2. Another study of "Treatment
of Periodontal Disease and the Risk of Preterm Birth" by Bryan S.
Michalowicz, D.D.S., James S. Hodges, Ph.D., Anthony J. DiAngelis,
D.M.D., M.P.H., Virginia R. Lupo, M.D., M.P.H., M. John Novak, B.D.S.,
Ph.D., James E. Ferguson, M.D., William Buchanan, D.M.D., M.Md.Sc.,
James Bofill, M.D., Panos N. Papapanou, D.D.S., Ph.D., Dennis A.
Mitchell, D.D.S., M.P.H., Stephen Matseoane, M.D., and Pat A. Tschida,
Ph.D. for the OPT posted in New England Journal of medicine, researchers found that treatment
of periodontitis in pregnant women improves periodontal disease and is
safe but does not significantly alter rates of preterm birth, low
birth weight, or fetal growth restriction. (ClinicalTrials.gov number,
3. In another study of "Exploring the relationship between
periodontal disease and pregnancy complication" by Yiorgos A. Bobetsis,
DDS, PhD, Silvana P. Barros, DDS, PhD and Steven Offenbacher, DDS, PhD,
MMSc posted in the Jouenal of American Dental association, ARTICLES JADA
Continuing Education, researchers found that It is important to note
that all of the studies to date that have involved treating periodontal
disease in pregnant women (usually in the second
trimester of pregnancy) suggest that periodontal treatment is safe for
both the mother and the child. Therefore,
treatments can be provided safely during pregnancy to improve the oral
health of the mother. What we do not yet know is
whether this treatment also significantly improves the pregnancy’s
outcome. Nor can we tell pregnant women that treating
their gingival condition will improve their pregnancy or neonatal
outcomes. We will have to wait for the results of the multicenter
trials sponsored by the National Institute of Dental
and Craniofacial Research that are in progress before we have an
opportunity to answer this critical question.
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