Posted by Chantel Martiromo, Article By Kyle J. Norton
Heart disease is defined as a
condition in which the heart's inner lining of blood vessels is served
damage that can impede the function of transportation of oxygen and
nutrition of the heart to other cells and organ in the body. Everyday,
more than 2,000 Americans die as a result of heart diseases.
Approximately 60 million Americans have heart disease.
not, 1 in 4 women in US dies from the heart diseases and coronary
heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart
disease in women and men.
What is coronary heart disease
heart disease is a result of plague build up in the inner lining wall
of the arteries, by mostly cholesterol, fat and other minerals. In a
prolonged period of time, these build up can block and impeded the inner
lining wall, leading to the narrower blood flow to the muscles of the
heart. In some case, the rupture of plague can cause blood clots
blocking the flow of blood to the blood muscle, causing heart attack.
What is coronary microvascular disease (MVD)
of affects the arteries, coronary microvascular disease (MVD) affects
the heart's smallest coronary arteries. according to findings from the
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI)
Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) study, In
women with this condition, called coronary microvascular syndrome,
plaque accumulates in very small arteries of the heart,
causing narrowing, reduced oxygen flow to the heart, and
pain that can be similar to that of people with blocked
arteries, but the plaque does not show up when physicians
use standard tests. As a result, many women go
Causes and risk factors
1. Diet high in saturated and trans fat
high in saturated and trans fat increases the risk of cholesterol build
up in the arteries and accumulated in very small arteries of the
heart, causing narrowing, reduced oxygen flow to the
2. High blood pressure
Blood pressure is the force of
blood pushing against the walls of the arteries to regulate
the blow flow for transporting oxygen and nutrients to the body's cell
and organs. if plague build-up over prolong period of time, it can
narrow the arteries and very small arteries of the heart, causing high
blood pressure that can lead to heart disease.
can increase diabetes-related fatty material deposite in the walls of
coronary arteries as a result od prolonged period of high blood glucose
in the blood stream. According to the article of Diabetes Overview by
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) indicated that women
who have not gone through menopause usually have less risk of heart
disease than men of the same age. But women of all ages with diabetes
have an increased risk of heart disease because diabetes cancels out
the protective effects of being a woman in her child-bearing years.
4. Insulin resistance
a study of Relationship of glucose tolerance and plasma insulin to the
incidence of coronary heart disease by Pyorala K. 1979 researcher found
that hyperinsulinemia is a predictor of coronary
artery disease (CAD).
5. Central waist Obesity
fat accumulated to the central waist area can increase the production
of bad cholesterol, causing plague deposited on the inner lining of
blood vessel walls.
The decreased levels of estrogen due to aging are associated with increased risk of coronary microvascular disease.
7. Lack of physical exercise
astudy of studied 223 children -- 123 boys and 100 girls -- with an
average age of 9.8 years, assessing their physical activity levels over
four days from a team of researchers from Sweden and Denmark found that
children who were more physically active had a lower composite risk
factor score for cardiovascular disease (CVD) than the children with
lower amounts of moderate to vigorous physical activity and vigorous
8. Family history
Increased risk of developing the disease if one of the direct family member have the disease
Inherited heart muscle diseases may increase the risk of coronary microvascular disease (MVD).
contains high amount of harmful chemical substances attacked to the
arterial wall, causing plague build-up, hardening the arterial wall that
can lead to coronary microvascular disease.
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