Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by abnormally high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
In other words, the condition is a result caused by either overexpression of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
Cholesterol, a waxy substance produced by the liver or the dietary in moderate amount source plays a critical to aid digestive function in absorbing nutrients, build strong cell membranes, produce steroid hormones and vitamin D. However, excessive amounts in the blood have been found to induce plaque built-up on the arterial wall, leading to heart disease and stroke.
Similar to high blood pressure, people with hypercholesterolemia are asymptomatic. In patients with familial hypercholesterol may experience symptoms of chest pain with activity. xanthomas, and cholesterol deposits around the eyelids.
According to the statistics provided by the CDC, hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor of heart disease, a leading cause of death in the US. In the US, approximately, 71 million American adults (33.5%) have high low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or “bad,” cholesterol. and only 1 out of every 3 adults with high LDL cholesterol has the condition under control.
Sadly, only 50% of people hypercholesterolemia are getting treatment.
Out of many risk factors associated with the risk of hypercholesterolemia, some researchers suggested that the widespread obesity due to the promotion of a high-fat diet over the past few decades may have a strong impact in the increased the incidence in the US.
Dr. Jeannie Chan, the lead scientist wrote, "ApoE deficient mice, generated by gene targeting, have a lipoprotein profile similar to humans in that most of the plasma cholesterol is carried on VLDL and IDL particles rather than HDL particles as in non-genetically modified mice. ApoE-/- mice have elevated levels of plasma cholesterol even on a chow diet and develop atherosclerotic lesions spontaneously. Advanced lesions with plaque rupture that resemble those in humans have frequently observed in apoE-/- mice fed an HCHF diet, and these mice are used for developing drugs to reduce atherosclerosis".
In other words, a high-fat diet promoted the genes associated with cholesterol secretion.
With an aim to find a potential ingredient for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, researchers evaluated the capacity of Allium ursinum (wild garlic) leaf lyophilisate (WGLL; alliin content: 0.261%) to mitigate cardiovascular damage in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
New Zealand rabbits selected to the study were divided into three groups: (i) cholesterol-free rabbit chow (control); (ii) rabbit chow containing 2% cholesterol (hypercholesterolemic, HC); (iii) rabbit chow containing 2% cholesterol + 2% WGLL (hypercholesterolemic treated, HCT); for eight weeks.
According to the Western blot analysis, WGLL protected the heart by improving aortic and coronary flow.
WGLL was also found to inhibit the atherosclerotic plaque coverage.
Furthermore, WGLL also reduced the risk of hypercholesteremia by significantly reducing the plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein.
Based on the findings, researchers said, "The results clearly demonstrate that WGLL has complex cardioprotective effects, suggesting future strategies for its use in prevention and therapy for atherosclerotic disorders".
Taken altogether, alliin may be considered supplements for the prevention and treatment of heart disease associated with hypercholesterolemia, depending on the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.
Intake of alliin in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Anti-Atherogenic Properties of Allium ursinum Liophylisate: Impact on Lipoprotein Homeostasis and Cardiac Biomarkers in Hypercholesterolemic Rabbits by Bombicz M1,2, Priksz D3,4, Varga B5,6, Gesztelyi R7, Kertesz A8, Lengyel P9, Balogh P10, Csupor D11, Hohmann J12, Bhattoa HP13, Haines DD14, Juhasz B. (PubMed)
(2) Effect of garlic on lipid profile and psychopathologic parameters in people with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia by Peleg A1, Hershcovici T, Lipa R, Anbar R, Redler M, Beigel Y. (PubMed)
(3) Animal Models of Diet-induced Hypercholesterolemia By Jeannie Chan, Genesio M. Karere, Laura A. Cox and John L. VandeBerg.
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