Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a group of bacteria that cause tuberculosis through infection. Most cases Mycobacterium tuberculosis are found in the lungs.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is pathogens that can cause tuberculosis (TB) in humans discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch.
According to statistics, 8 million new cases of TB were diagnosed annually. The disease causes the death of 2 million people worldwide, mostly in the third world.
Most people infected by MAC are asymptomatic as the bacteria remaining in your body in the inactive state. Latent TB is not contagious.
In the active stage, TB can induce symptoms of persistent coughing, unintentional weight loss, and fatigue.
In severe cases, TB can cause or pain with breathing or coughing, coughing up blood and chest pain.
Active TB is very contagious, it can spread through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.
All cases of active tuberculosis are treated with antibiotics that lasts six to nine months.
However, the length of treatment is totally depending on patients age and overall health, the infected location.
Some researchers suggested People with a weakened immune system are prone to the infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Dr. S H E Kaufmann said, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Of these, fewer than 10% ever develop the disease, although the pathogen is not eradicated but rather contained in discrete lesions. Hence, the immune system is highly effective in containing the pathogen but fails to eradicate it".
And, "Disease typically develops through reactivation once the immune system is weakened"
Bilberry is a species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium, belonging to the family Ericaceae, native to Northern Europe.
The plant berry has been used as herbs in traditional medicine for the treatment of acute and chronic diarrhea, gastritis, gastric ulcer, and duodenal ulcer, enterocolitis, ulcerative colitis, anemia, cystitis, kidney disease, and psoriasis, diabetes, etc.
In the urgency to find a natural source for the treatment of Mycobacterium aurum tuberculosis for the third world countries, where the Western medications are scarce, researchers examined the efficacy of Vaccinium myrtillus (MIC = 8 microg/mL) extract.
Compared to the ethanol extracts of Xerocomus badius, Chalciporus piperatus, Suillus luteus and of endophytes isolated from C. vulgaris, E. nigrum, Vaccinium Vitis-idaea, V. myrtillus respectively at 90 to 96% inhibition at 100 microg/mL exerted a potent antitubercular activity.
Compared to herbal C. arbuscula, Empetrum nigrum, J. communis roots, Calluna vulgaris aerial parts, Myrica gale the roots and stems at 93 to 99% inhibition at 100 microg/mL V. myrtillus showed a lesser efficacy.
These results provided some scientific basis for the traditional use of V. myrtillus for the treatment of tuberculosis.
Thes results also strongly indicated that fungal endophytes recovered from Scottish plants are a source of antimycobacterial agents
Taken altogether, bilberry may be considered a function remedy for the treatment of TB, pending to the validation of larger sample size and multicenter human study.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Activity of Scottish plant, lichen and fungal endophyte extracts against Mycobacterium aurum and Mycobacterium tuberculosis by Gordien AY1, Gray AI, Ingleby K, Franzblau SG, Seidel V. (PubMed)
(2) Protection against tuberculosis: cytokines, T cells, and macrophages by S H E Kaufmann. (BMJ Journal)
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