Hypercholesterolemia is a condition of high blood cholesterol. A condition is a form of hyperlipidemia or high blood lipids.
The cause of hypercholesterolemia is a result of overexpression low-density lipoprotein with reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein in the blood.
Believe it or not, cholesterol produced by the liver or from the outside sources is essential for the building of the strong cell membranes, production of steroid hormone and vitamin D.
However, overexpression of blood cholesterol induced hypercholesterolemia has been found to exhibit the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Compared to hypercholesterolemia, the healthy levels of LDL/HDL is any numbers that are less than 4.
There is no single cause of hypercholesterolemia. Epidemiologically, diet, obesity, genetic preposition and medical conditions such as diseases such as type 2 diabetes and an underactive thyroid are some the prevalent factors associated with the risk of the condition.
According to the statistics, over 34 million American adults are living with elevated blood cholesterol levels (higher than 240 mg/dL). ...
The most common inherited form of high blood cholesterol is called familial hypercholesterolemia found in 1/500 people.
By adopting a healthy lifestyle and moderate exercise, you may do just fine without medication.
Tomato is red, edible fruit, genus Solanum, belongs to family Solanaceae, native to South America. Because of its health benefits, the tomato is grown worldwide for the commercial purpose
and often in the greenhouse.
With an aim to find a natural ingredient or whole food for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, researchers compared the effect of dried tomato, grape and apple pomace (5% in diet) on the cholesterol levels in serum in an animal model
The study included selected male Wistar rats fed a cholesterol diet (0.3%) shortly after weaning followed by administration of individual fruits contained 47.2, 67.0 and 46.2 g of total dietary fiber per 100 g of dry matter for tomato, grape and apple pomace, respectively.
Compared to apple pomace reduced the liver cholesterol by 11% tomato showed a better-reduced cholesterol level in the liver by 15%
Tomatoes and other tested pomace species reduced cholesterol content in the heart by 18-21%.
Only tomatoes exerted a significant effect on the levels of triacylglycerol content in the heart compared to other tested pomaces.
All products strongly reduced (up to the half of the original value) the activity of enzymes HMG-CoA reductase associated with the production of cholesterol in the liver and increased the fractional catabolic rate of plasma cholesterol by 60-120%.
In rats fed with hypercholesterolemic feed and treated with lycopene orally by gavage at the dose of 5, 25, 45, 65, 85, and 105, 125 mg/kg/bw-1/d-1, researchers found that injection of all doses of lycopene exerted a statistical significance in reducing the levels of cholesterol observed by inverse U shape at the 4 weeks of the experiment.
Furthermore, serum lycopene concentration was negatively correlated with the levels of serum TC, LDL-C, particularly in the cerebral LDL-C.
In other words, serum lycopene found in the tested model showed a strong effect against brain cholesterol in the facilitating neurons damage.
Dr. Wang W, the lead scientist said, "These results suggested an inverse U-shape relation between dose and serum concentration of lycopene, and intermediate doses were most effective to protect cerebral vessels and neurons from being damaged by hyperlipidemia".
Taken altogether, tomatoes processed high amounts of lycopene may be considered supplements for the prevention and treatment of hypercholesterolemia, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.
Intake of lycopene in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) The effect of dried tomato, grape and apple pomace on the cholesterol metabolism and antioxidative enzymatic system in rats with hypercholesterolemia by Bobek P1, Ozdín L, Hromadová M. (PubMed)
(2) The dose-response effect of lycopene on cerebral vessel and neuron impairment induced by hyperlipidemia by Wang W, Yang W, Shen Z, Wen S, Hu M. (PubMed)
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