Dried pea may have a profound effect on the promotion of healthy weight loss naturally without inducing any side effects, some studies found.
Obesity is a medical condition caused by excessive body fat accumulation over time, while overweight is a condition of excess body weight relative to the height.
According to the Body Mass Index(BMI), a BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, while a BMI of over 30 is an indication of obesity.
A healthy weight loss is important to adults in Americans. According to the statistic, 68% of the American population is either overweight or obese. Researchers found that overweight and obesity are 2 of the most prevalent risk factors that cause substantially the early onset of numbers of chronic health conditions.
The Tufts University School of Medicine, in the examination of a total of 16884 adults, 25 years and older, classified as overweight and obese (body mass index [BMI] > or =25 kg/m2) based on National Institutes of Health recommended guidelines using the data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), which was conducted in 2 phases from 1988 to 1994, found that diseases associated with overweight and obesity in the US are type 2 diabetes mellitus, gallbladder disease, coronary heart disease, high blood cholesterol level, high blood pressure, or osteoarthritis.
Dr. Must A, the lead author said, "more than half of all US adults are considered overweight or obese. The prevalence of obesity-related comorbidities emphasizes the need for concerted efforts to prevent and treat obesity rather than just its associated comorbidities".
The complications caused by unmanaged overweight and obesity also elevated the financial burden in the health care system.
According to the study by the University of Florida, "The elderly men who were overweight or obese at age 65 had 6–13 percent more lifetime health care expenditures than the same age cohort within normal weight range at age 65" and
"Elderly women who were overweight or obese at age 65 spent 11–17 percent more than those in a normal weight range. Both elderly men and women who were overweight or obese at age 65 had worse health outcomes than the normal weight cohorts".
Therefore, actively engaged weight loss may be the only solution to maintain good health that not only reduces the risks of chronic diseases individually but also releases the pressure from the health care system, particularly in the elderly.
Dried pea is a small but nutritionally mighty member of the legume family, the genus Pisum belonging to the family Fabaceae.
The tiny bean processes healthy sources of protein, fibers, vitamins, and minerals that are good for everyone's diet.
In the concerns of the prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions, making finding effective solutions to reduce obesity a public health priority, the Department of Foods and Nutrition conducted an experiment on the effects of nonoilseed pulses (dry beans, peas, chickpeas, and lentils) through searching the database of some medical literature.
Application of pulse was found to benefit weight control, including slowly digestible carbohydrates, high fiber and protein contents, and moderate energy density.
Observational studies consistently showed an inverse relationship between pulse consumption and BMI or risk for obesity, but many do not control for potentially confounding dietary and other lifestyle factors.
In a short-term study, pulse consumption increases satiety over 2-4 h, suggesting that at least part of the effect of pulses on satiety is mediated by available carbohydrate amount or composition.
Randomized controlled trials generally supported a beneficial effect of pulses on weight loss when pulse consumption is coupled with energy restriction, but not without energy restriction.
Additionally, the inclusion of peas (Pisum sativum L.) as the source of protein in the diet of growing rats brought about a reduction in growth rate as well as the impairment in the liver, muscle and spleen weights, compared with casein-fed controls.
Application of dried peas produced a fall in plasma glucose, triglycerides, and protein, observed in the legume fed animals, with no changes in cholesterol levels.
The rats fed on the diet containing peas showed lower levels of plasma insulin, corticosterone, insulin-like growth factor IGF-I and thyroid (T)4 in mediating restraint-induced weight gain, compared to the case in controls.
Liver and muscle total protein (mg) and total DNA (mg) were markedly decreased in the legume fed animals, an indication of weight loss.
Further analysis of the liver and muscle fractional synthesis rates researchers discovered that the whole-body protein synthesis is lower in the legume fed animals due to differences in body weights compared to the casein controls.
In the comparison with other legume group, animals fed on a diet containing peas (Pisum sativum L.) as the only source of protein showed less adverse effects than those found with other legumes probably due to protein quality, antinutritional factors, and nutrient availability.
Taken altogether, dried Peas may be considered a functional food for the promotion of weight loss without inducing any side effects
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Pulse consumption, satiety, and weight management by McCrory MA, Hamaker BR, Lovejoy JC, Eichelsdoerfer PE. (PubMed)
(2) Growth, hormonal status and protein turnover in rats fed on a diet containing peas (Pisum sativum L.) as the source of protein by Martinez JA, Marcos R, Macarulla MT, Larralde J.(PubMed)
(3) The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity by Must A1, Spadano J, Coakley EH, Field AE, Colditz G, Dietz WH. (PubMed)
(4) The Financial Burden of Overweight and Obesity among Elderly Americans: The Dynamics of Weight, Longevity, and Health Care Cost by Zhou Yang and Allyson G Hall. (PMC)
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