Yoga may have a profound and positive impact on secondary prevention and improvement on overall conditions in individuals with coronary heart disease, some studies suggested.
Coronary artery disease is a medical condition caused by the accumulation of plaques that block arteries in supply blood nutrients and oxygen to the heart. Most cases of the disease are associated with atherosclerosis, the condition of hardening of the arteries.
According to statistics, coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease that causes the death of over 370,000 people every year, representing 28% of all death in the United States.
Sadly, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately, 735,000 Americans have a heart attack each year.
What causes plaques building up on the arterial is debatable. However, researchers suggested that the Western diet is associated with a significantly increased risk of coronary artery disease.
Dr. Venegas-Pino DE in the classification of the effect of diet on heart diseases said," the western-diet-fed male ApoE-/-: Ins2+/Akita mouse, with profound cardiovascular disease involving extensive atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease and myocardial infarct resulting in shortened lifespan(4)".
Most common symptoms of coronary artery disease are angina, the condition characterized by chest pain or discomfort and shortness of breath as a result of the weakening of heart muscle which can not pump enough blood to the body's needs.
Over time, the prolonged weakened heart muscle can lead to complications of heart failure, irregular heartbeat, or arrhythmia.
Yoga, the ancient practice for harmonized external and internal body well being, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement, and gesture..... has been well known for people in the Western world and some parts in Asia.
In a total of 80 stable CAD patients below 65 years of age of both sexes selected and randomized into two groups of 40 each. yoga Group I with for 3 months yoga lessons consisted yogic postures, pranayama breathing exercises, dietary modification, and holistic teaching along with their conventional medicine while Group II treated only on conventional medicine after 3 months, researchers found that,
*Groups attended yoga lessons express statistically significant improvements slow vital capacity, forced vital capacity, peak expiratory flow rate, maximum voluntary ventilation, and diffusion factor/ transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide in compared to group II.
* The lung function in forced respiratory volume in 1(st) sec (FEV1), and FEV1 % also shows a trend toward improvement although not statistically significant in also compared to conventional treatment group.
Dr, Yadav A, the led authors after the experiment said, "Yoga regimen was found to improve lung functions and diffusion capacity in CAD patients besides improving cardiovascular functions".
These results suggested that yoga postures and meditation have a profound effect in relaxed arterial muscle to allow more blood to flow through by reduced stress which causes the muscle wall tightening.
Furthermore, yoga posture and breathing techniques also improved the lung muscle in the absorption of more oxygen for the blood.
In support of the above analysis, Dr. Pal A, and colleagues conducted a study of 258 patients from the Department of Cardiology in Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University diagnosed with coronary artery disease randomly divided into 2 groups, the yoga group and the non-yoga group with 129 in each group, yoga attendees after 35-40 min/day, 5 days a week over a period of 18 months displayed a statistically significant reduction in body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate (P < 0.05).
The relaxation to allow more blood to provide nutrients and oxygen to the body needs may also result in reducing the blood pressure, thus lowering the heart rate.
After taking into account other risk factors, researchers suggested that yoga therapy expressed a significant effect on secondary prevention of mortality and morbidity and health-related quality of life of individuals with coronary heart disease,
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Effect of yoga regimen on lung functions including diffusion capacity in coronary artery diseasepatients: A randomized controlled study by Yadav A1, Singh S2, Singh K2, Pai P1.(PubMed)
(2) Effect of yogic intervention on the autonomic nervous system in the patients with coronary artery disease: a randomized controlled trial by Pal A, Srivastava N, Narain VS, Agrawal GG, Rani M.(PubMed)
(3) Yoga for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease by Lau HL1, Kwong JS, Yeung F, Chau PH, Woo J.(PubMed)
(4) Evidence of extensive atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction in the ApoE-/-:Ins2+/Akita mouse fed a western diet by Venegas-Pino DE1, Lagrotteria A2, Wang PW3, Morphet J3, Clapdorp C3, Shi Y3, Werstuck GH(PubMed)
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